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The Demand for Assets and Optimal Monetary Aggregation

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  • ALI JADIDZADEH
  • APOSTOLOS SERLETIS

Abstract

This paper uses a highly disaggregated demand system to estimate the degree of substitutability among monetary assets and to address the issue of optimal monetary aggregation in the United States. We address the problems of dimensionality and nonlinearity, estimating a very detailed monetary asset demand system encompassing the full range of assets based on the locally flexible normalized quadratic expenditure function. We treat the concavity property as a maintained hypothesis and provide evidence consistent with neoclassical microeconomic theory. Statistical tests reject the appropriateness of the aggregation assumptions for all the money measures published by the Federal Reserve as well as for a large number of groupings suggested by earlier studies. This supports and reinforces Barnett's (2016) assertion that we should employ the broadest M4 monetary aggregate published by the Center for Financial Stability.

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  • Ali Jadidzadeh & Apostolos Serletis, 2019. "The Demand for Assets and Optimal Monetary Aggregation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(4), pages 929-952, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jmoncb:v:51:y:2019:i:4:p:929-952
    DOI: 10.1111/jmcb.12550
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    Cited by:

    1. Serletis, Apostolos & Xu, Libo, 2021. "Consumption, Leisure, And Money," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(6), pages 1412-1441, September.
    2. Cosmas Dery & Apostolos Serletis, 2021. "Disentangling the Effects of Uncertainty, Monetary Policy and Leverage Shocks on the Economy," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 83(5), pages 1029-1065, October.
    3. Barnett, William A. & Han, Qing & Zhang, Jianbo, 2021. "Monetary services aggregation under uncertainty: A behavioral economics extension using Choquet expectation," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 437-447.
    4. Apostolos Serletis & Khandokar Istiak, 2016. "Are the Responses of the U.S. Economy Asymmetric to Positive and Negative Money Supply Shocks?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 303-316, April.
    5. Libo Xu & Apostolos Serletis, 2022. "The Demand for Assets: Evidence from the Markov Switching Normalized Quadratic Model," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 54(4), pages 989-1025, June.
    6. Maximilian C. Brill & Dieter Nautz & Lea Sieckmann, 2021. "Divisia monetary aggregates for a heterogeneous euro area," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 48(1), pages 247-278, February.
    7. Barnett, William A. & Ghosh, Taniya & Adil, Masudul Hasan, 2022. "Is money demand really unstable? Evidence from Divisia monetary aggregates," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 606-622.
    8. Liu Jinan & Serletis Apostolos, 2020. "Money growth variability and output: evidence with credit card-augmented Divisia monetary aggregates," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 24(5), pages 1-11, December.
    9. Serletis, Apostolos & Xu, Libo, 2021. "The welfare cost of inflation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).
    10. Serletis, Apostolos & Xu, Libo, 2020. "Functional monetary aggregates, monetary policy, and business cycles," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 121(C).
    11. Serletis, Apostolos & Xu, Libo, 2023. "Consumer preferences, the demand for Divisia money, and the welfare costs of inflation," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C).
    12. Dai, Wei & Serletis, Apostolos, 2019. "On the Markov switching welfare cost of inflation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    13. Dery, Cosmas & Serletis, Apostolos, 2021. "Interest Rates, Money, And Economic Activity," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(7), pages 1842-1891, October.
    14. Michael D. Bordo & John V. Duca, 2023. "Broad Divisia Money and the Recovery of U.S. Nominal GDP from the COVID-19 Recession," Working Papers 319, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    15. Belongia, Michael T. & Ireland, Peter N., 2019. "The demand for Divisia Money: Theory and evidence," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1-1.
    16. Liu, Jinan & Dery, Cosmas & Serletis, Apostolos, 2020. "Recent monetary policy and the credit card-augmented Divisia monetary aggregates," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    17. Michael D. Bordo & John V. Duca, 2023. "Money Matters: Broad Divisia Money and the Recovery of Nominal GDP from the COVID-19 Recession," Working Papers 2306, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    18. Azad, Nahiyan Faisal & Serletis, Apostolos, 2022. "A century and a half of the monetary base-stock market relationship," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 118-124.
    19. Fleissig, Adrian R. & Jones, Barry E., 2023. "U.K. household-sector money demand during Brexit and the pandemic," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 123(C).
    20. Adrian R. Fleissig & James L. Swofford, 2023. "Habit persistence in assets demand," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 89(3), pages 975-985, January.

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    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation

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