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Bank Leverage Cycles and the External Finance Premium




By combining the approaches of Gertler and Karadi (2011) (GK) and Bernanke, Gertler, and Gilchrist (1999) (BGG), I develop a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) model with leverage constraints both in the banking and in the nonfinancial firm sector. I calibrate this “full model” to US data. The full model matches the relative volatility of the external finance premium and the procyclicality of bank leverage and thus outperforms both a BGG and a GK‐type model. For a reasonably calibrated combination of balance sheet shocks, the model reproduces a substantial share of the contraction (increase) of investment (the external finance premium) observed during the “Great Recession.”

Suggested Citation

  • Ansgar Rannenberg, 2016. "Bank Leverage Cycles and the External Finance Premium," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(8), pages 1569-1612, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jmoncb:v:48:y:2016:i:8:p:1569-1612

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    Cited by:

    1. Yaprak Tavman, 2015. "A comparative analysis of macroprudential policies," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 67(2), pages 334-355.
    2. Darracq Pariès, Matthieu & Kühl, Michael, 2016. "The optimal conduct of central bank asset purchases," Working Paper Series 1973, European Central Bank.
    3. Michael Kühl, 2018. "The Effects of Government Bond Purchases on Leverage Constraints of Banks and Non-Financial Firms," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 14(4), pages 93-161, September.
    4. Luca Onorante & Matija Lozej & Ansgar Rannenberg, 2017. "Countercyclical capital regulation in a small open economy DSGE model," IFC Bulletins chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Data needs and Statistics compilation for macroprudential analysis, volume 46 Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Kick, Thomas & Kreiser, Swetlana & Merkl, Christian, 2018. "Loan supply and bank capital: A micro-macro linkage," FAU Discussion Papers in Economics 04/2018, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute for Economics.
    6. Francesco Furlanetto & Francesco Ravazzolo & Samad Sarferaz, 2014. "Identification of financial factors in economic fluctuations," Working Paper 2014/09, Norges Bank.
    7. repec:eee:jeborg:v:162:y:2019:i:c:p:347-359 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Kühl, Michael, 2017. "Bank capital, the state contingency of banks’ assets and its role for the transmission of shocks," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 54(PB), pages 260-284.
    9. André Diniz & Bernardo Guimaraes, 2017. "How diabolic is the sovereign-bank loop? The effects of post-default fiscal policies," Discussion Papers 1705, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    10. Valerio Nispi Landi, 2017. "Capital controls, macroprudential measures and monetary policy interactions in an emerging economy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1154, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    11. Kühl, Michael, 2014. "Mitigating financial stress in a bank-financed economy: Equity injections into banks or purchases of assets?," Discussion Papers 19/2014, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    12. Boitani, Andrea & Punzo, Chiara, 2019. "Banks’ leverage behaviour in a two-agent new Keynesian model," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 347-359.
    13. Elton Beqiraj & Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Marco Di Pietro & Carolina Serpieri, 2017. "Resilience, crisis contagion, and vulnerability in Central Europe and the Baltics," JRC Working Papers JRC109632, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    14. Diniz, Andre & Guimaraes, Bernardo, 2014. "Financial disruption as a cost of sovereign default: a quantitative assessment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86329, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    15. Beqiraj, Elton & Di Bartolomeo, Giovanni & Di Pietro, Marco & Serpieri, Carolina, 2018. "Comparing Central Europe and the Baltic macro-economies: A Bayesian approach," EconStor Preprints 175242, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.

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    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy


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