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The Effect of Leisure‐Time Physical Activity on Obesity, Diabetes, High BP and Heart Disease Among Canadians: Evidence from 2000/2001 to 2005/2006

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  • Sisira Sarma
  • Rose Anne Devlin
  • Jason Gilliland
  • M. Karen Campbell
  • Gregory S. Zaric

Abstract

Although studies have looked at the effect of physical activity on obesity and other health outcomes, the causal nature of this relationship remains unclear. We fill this gap by investigating the impact of leisure‐time physical activity (LTPA) and work‐related physical activity (WRPA) on obesity and chronic conditions in Canadians aged 18–75 using instrumental variable and recursive bivariate probit approaches. Average local temperatures surrounding the respondents' interview month are used as a novel instrument to help identify the causal relationship between LTPA and health outcomes. We find that an active level of LTPA (i.e. walking ≥1 h/day) reduces the probability of obesity by five percentage points, which increases to 11 percentage points if also combined with some WRPA. WRPA exhibits a negative effect on the probability of obesity and chronic conditions. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Sisira Sarma & Rose Anne Devlin & Jason Gilliland & M. Karen Campbell & Gregory S. Zaric, 2015. "The Effect of Leisure‐Time Physical Activity on Obesity, Diabetes, High BP and Heart Disease Among Canadians: Evidence from 2000/2001 to 2005/2006," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(12), pages 1531-1547, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:24:y:2015:i:12:p:1531-1547
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.3106
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    4. Courtemanche, Charles & Pinkston, Joshua C. & Stewart, Jay, 2021. "Time spent exercising and obesity: An application of Lewbel’s instrumental variables method," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 41(C).
    5. Anderson M. A. dos Santos & Paulo de A. Jacinto & Victor R. de Oliveira & Pedro Henrique S. Leivas, 2019. "The impact of physical activity on women`s health: evidences for Brazil," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(4), pages 2381-2401.
    6. J. Guan & J.D. Tena, 2018. "Estimating the Effect of Physical Exercise on Juveniles' Health Status and Subjective Well-Being in China," Working Paper CRENoS 201811, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    7. Brad R. Humphreys & Jane E. Ruseski & Jie Yang, 2020. "Household consumption decisions: will expanding sports betting impact health?," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 1079-1100, December.
    8. Simon Spika & Friedrich Breyer, 2020. "Domain-specific effects of physical activity on the demand for physician visits," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 65(5), pages 583-591, June.
    9. Lenzen, Sabrina & Gannon, Brenda & Rose, Christiern, 2020. "A dynamic microeconomic analysis of the impact of physical activity on cognition among older people," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 39(C).
    10. John Mullahy, 2018. "Treatment Effects with Multiple Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 25307, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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