Labor-Market Consequences of Internal Migration in Turkey
During the past 30 years, Turkey has undergone profound economic and social transformations, including fundamental shifts from a state-oriented economy to a market-oriented economy, large-scale modernization investments in telecommunication and transportation services, and low-intensity ongoing armed conflict concentrated in the country’s southeastern region. For such a period, using the 1990 and 2000 Turkish censuses, I evaluated the labor-market consequences of internal migration that might have been sparked by such significant economic and social changes. Overall, the results suggest that provinces with a higher share of recent migrants may observe decreases in their native population’s labor-market opportunities. While this adverse impact of the recent migrant inflows remains robust, it exhibits heterogeneity with respect to the skill level of natives, as well as for the labor-market outcomes of different native and migrant groups.
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