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The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis (QIOA)

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  • Mirko Titze
  • Matthias Brachert
  • Alexander Kubis

Abstract

Titze M., Brachert M. and Kubis A. The identification of regional industrial clusters using qualitative input-output analysis (QIOA), Regional Studies. The 'cluster theory' has become one of the main concepts promoting regional competitiveness, innovation, and growth. As most empirical applications focus on measures of concentration of one industrial branch in order to identify regional clusters, the appropriate analysis of specific vertical relations is developing in this discussion. This paper tries to identify interrelated sectors via national input-output tables with the help of minimal flow analysis (MFA). The regionalization of these national industry templates is carried out with the allocation of branch-specific production values on regional employment. As a result, the paper shows concentrations of vertical clusters in only 27 of 439 German Nomenclature des Unites Territoriales Statistiques (NUTS)-3 regions. [image omitted] Titze M., Brachert M. et Kubis A. L'identification des grappes industrielles a partir des tableaux d'echanges inter-industriels qualitatifs, Regional Studies. La 'theorie des grappes' est devenue l'une des principales notions qui pronent la competitivite, l'innovation et la croissance regionales. Etant donne que la plupart des applications empiriques portent sur la mesure de la concentration d'un secteur industriel afin d'identifier des grappes industrielles, une analyse appropriee des rapports verticaux specifiques se developpe au sein de ce debat. A partir des tableaux d'echanges inter-industriels nationaux et a l'aide d'une analyse par flux minimaux, l'article cherche a identifier des secteurs etroitement relies. La regionalisation de ces modeles de l'industrie nationale se fait a partir de l'attribution a l'emploi regional des valeurs de production specifiques aux secteurs. Par la suite, l'article ne montre des concentrations de grappes verticales que dans 27 des 439 Nomenclatures des Unites Territoriales Statistiques allamendes (NUTS)-a trois regions. Grappes industrielles Analyse des tableaux d'echanges inter-industriels qualitatifs Liens verticaux Titze M., Brachert M. und Kubis A. Die Identifikation regionaler industrieller Cluster mit Hilfe einer qualitativen Input-Output-Analyse (QIOA), Regional Studies. Das “Cluster-Konzept” hat sich als einer der wichtigsten Ansatze zur Erklarung der regionalen Wettbewerbsfahigkeit etabliert. Viele zu dieser Thematik angefertigte Studien bedienen sich bestimmter Konzentrationsmasse zur Identifikation industrieller Cluster. Die aktuelle Diskussion berucksichtigt aber auch Aspekte von regionalen Wertschopfungsketten. Der vorliegende Beitrag identifiziert verbundene Wirtschaftszweige anhand der nationalen Input-Output-Tabelle mit Hilfe der Minimal Flow Analysis. Die Regionalisierung der ermittelten Strukturen erfolgt durch die Aufteilung der Vorleistungen entsprechend der regionalen Beschaftigtenanteile der jeweiligen Wirtschaftszweige. Im Ergebnis zeigt dieser Beitrag, dass lediglich 27 von insgesamt 439 deutschen NUTS-3 Regionen Merkmale vertikaler Cluster aufweisen. Industrielle Cluster Qualitative Input-Output-Analyse Vertikale Verflechtungen Titze M., Brachert M. y Kubis A. La identificacion de aglomeraciones industriales regionales usando un analisis input-output cualitativo, Regional Studies. El concepto de 'cluster' es un marco teorico clave en el estudio de la competitividad a nivel regional. Los trabajos en este campo utilizan medidas de concentracion sectorial para la identificacion de clusters industriales. La discusion actual considera ademas las cadenas productivas de valor a nivel regional. Este studio identifica relaciones intersectoriales con ayuda de tablas input-output y Minimal-Flow-Analysis. La regionalizacion de las estructuras sectoriales identificadas se llava a cabo a traves de la distribucion de valores de produccion segun las cuotas regionales de empleo en cada sector. Los resultados indican que tan solo 27 de las 439 regiones NUTS-3 alemanas presentan caracteristicas propias de clusters industriales verticales. Clusters industriales Analisis input-output cualitativo Relaciones intersectoriales verticales

Suggested Citation

  • Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2011. "The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis (QIOA)," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 89-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:1:p:89-102
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400903234688
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rui Faustino, 2016. "Portuguese National Accounts: a network approach," Working Papers Department of Economics 2016/18, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    2. Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Günther, Jutta & Schwartz, Michael, 2010. "Die Identifikation von Wissenschaftsräumen: Eine Konzeptstudie über methodische Ansätze sowie Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der empirischen Erfassung," IWH-Sonderhefte 5/2010, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    3. Araújo, Tanya & Faustino, Rui, 2017. "The topology of inter-industry relations from the Portuguese national accounts," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 479(C), pages 236-248.
    4. Kowalewski, Julia, 2012. "Inter-industrial relations and sectoral employment development in German regions," HWWI Research Papers 127, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    5. Kadokawa, Kazuo, 2011. "Applicability of Marshall’s Agglomeration Theory to Indus-trial Clustering in the Japanese Manufacturing Sector: An Exploratory Factor Analysis Approach," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 41(2).
    6. Surugiu, Marius-Răzvan & Surugiu, Camelia, 2010. "Comparative structural approaches regarding relevant indicators of Input-Output analysis at macro and sectoral level: a case study of some European Union countries," MPRA Paper 23772, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Oct 2010.
    7. Reinhold Kosfeld & Mirko Titze, 2014. "Benchmark Value Added Chains and Regional Clusters in German R&D Intensive Industries," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201437, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    8. Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Kubis, Alexander, 2010. "The Identification of Industrial Clusters – Methodical Aspects in a Multidimensional Framework for Cluster Identification," IWH Discussion Papers 14/2010, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    9. He, Xijun & Dong, Yanbo & Wu, Yuying & Wei, Guodan & Xing, Lizhi & Yan, Jia, 2017. "Structure analysis and core community detection of embodied resources networks among regional industries," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 479(C), pages 137-150.
    10. Blum, Ulrich & Brachert, Matthias & Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich & Brenke, Karl & Buscher, Herbert & Dietrich, Diemo & Dürig, Wolfgang & Franz, Peter & Günther, Jutta & Haug, Peter & Kauffmann, Albrecht & K, 2011. "Wirtschaftlicher Stand und Perspektiven für Ostdeutschland: Studie im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums des Innern," IWH-Sonderhefte 2/2011, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    11. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch, 2011. "Mapping Local and Regional Potentials for Inter-sectoral Technology Flows in Industrial Clusters – Empirical Results for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa11p660, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Ana-Isabel Guerra, 2011. "Merging the Hypothetical Extraction Method and the Classical Multiplier Approach: A Hybrid Possibility for Identifying Key Distributive Sectors," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 886.11, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
    13. Xiangzheng Deng & Fan Zhang & Zhan Wang & Xing Li & Tao Zhang, 2014. "An Extended Input Output Table Compiled for Analyzing Water Demand and Consumption at County Level in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(6), pages 1-20, May.
    14. Kowalewski Julia, 2013. "Inter-industrial Relations and Sectoral Employment Development in German Regions," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 233(4), pages 486-504, August.
    15. Rafael Boix & José Luis Hervás-Oliver & Blanca De Miguel-Molina, 2015. "Micro-geographies of creative industries clusters in Europe: From hot spots to assemblages," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 94(4), pages 753-772, November.
    16. Reinhold Kosfeld & Mirko Titze, 2014. "Benchmark Value Added Chains and Regional Clusters in German R&D Intensive Industries," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1396, European Regional Science Association.
    17. Tanya Ara'ujo & Rui Faustino, 2016. "The Topology of Inter-industry Relations from the Portuguese National Accounts," Papers 1612.06291, arXiv.org.
    18. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2011. "Local and regional knowledge sources of industrial clusters - methodical aspects in a multidimensional framework for cluster identification," ERSA conference papers ersa10p709, European Regional Science Association.
    19. Marta Gotz, 2015. "Tendencje rozwojowe klastrów w Niemczech / Development Tendencies of German Clusters," International Economics, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, issue 11, pages 106-144, September.
    20. Morrissey, Karyn & O'Donoghue, Cathal, 2011. "The Marine Economy and Regional Development," Working Papers 148923, Socio-Economic Marine Research Unit, National University of Ireland, Galway.
    21. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2014. "Actors and Interactions—Identifying the Role of Industrial Clusters for Regional Production and Knowledge Generation Activities," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(2), pages 163-190, June.
    22. Karyn Morrissey, 2016. "A location quotient approach to producing regional production multipliers for the Irish economy," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(3), pages 491-506, August.
    23. Martin Labaj, 2011. "Qualitative input-output analysis and national innovation system in Slovakia," International Journal of Transitions and Innovation Systems, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 1(2), pages 105-116.
    24. João Lopes, 2011. "Industrial Clustering and Sectoral Growth: a Network Dynamics Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa11p637, European Regional Science Association.
    25. Randall Jackson, 2015. "Fellows Address: Are Industry Clusters and Diversity Strange Bedfellows?," Working Papers Working Paper 2015-04, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.

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