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The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis (QIOA)

  • Mirko Titze
  • Matthias Brachert
  • Alexander Kubis

Titze M., Brachert M. and Kubis A. The identification of regional industrial clusters using qualitative input-output analysis (QIOA), Regional Studies. The 'cluster theory' has become one of the main concepts promoting regional competitiveness, innovation, and growth. As most empirical applications focus on measures of concentration of one industrial branch in order to identify regional clusters, the appropriate analysis of specific vertical relations is developing in this discussion. This paper tries to identify interrelated sectors via national input-output tables with the help of minimal flow analysis (MFA). The regionalization of these national industry templates is carried out with the allocation of branch-specific production values on regional employment. As a result, the paper shows concentrations of vertical clusters in only 27 of 439 German Nomenclature des Unites Territoriales Statistiques (NUTS)-3 regions. [image omitted] Titze M., Brachert M. et Kubis A. L'identification des grappes industrielles a partir des tableaux d'echanges inter-industriels qualitatifs, Regional Studies. La 'theorie des grappes' est devenue l'une des principales notions qui pronent la competitivite, l'innovation et la croissance regionales. Etant donne que la plupart des applications empiriques portent sur la mesure de la concentration d'un secteur industriel afin d'identifier des grappes industrielles, une analyse appropriee des rapports verticaux specifiques se developpe au sein de ce debat. A partir des tableaux d'echanges inter-industriels nationaux et a l'aide d'une analyse par flux minimaux, l'article cherche a identifier des secteurs etroitement relies. La regionalisation de ces modeles de l'industrie nationale se fait a partir de l'attribution a l'emploi regional des valeurs de production specifiques aux secteurs. Par la suite, l'article ne montre des concentrations de grappes verticales que dans 27 des 439 Nomenclatures des Unites Territoriales Statistiques allamendes (NUTS)-a trois regions. Grappes industrielles Analyse des tableaux d'echanges inter-industriels qualitatifs Liens verticaux Titze M., Brachert M. und Kubis A. Die Identifikation regionaler industrieller Cluster mit Hilfe einer qualitativen Input-Output-Analyse (QIOA), Regional Studies. Das “Cluster-Konzept” hat sich als einer der wichtigsten Ansatze zur Erklarung der regionalen Wettbewerbsfahigkeit etabliert. Viele zu dieser Thematik angefertigte Studien bedienen sich bestimmter Konzentrationsmasse zur Identifikation industrieller Cluster. Die aktuelle Diskussion berucksichtigt aber auch Aspekte von regionalen Wertschopfungsketten. Der vorliegende Beitrag identifiziert verbundene Wirtschaftszweige anhand der nationalen Input-Output-Tabelle mit Hilfe der Minimal Flow Analysis. Die Regionalisierung der ermittelten Strukturen erfolgt durch die Aufteilung der Vorleistungen entsprechend der regionalen Beschaftigtenanteile der jeweiligen Wirtschaftszweige. Im Ergebnis zeigt dieser Beitrag, dass lediglich 27 von insgesamt 439 deutschen NUTS-3 Regionen Merkmale vertikaler Cluster aufweisen. Industrielle Cluster Qualitative Input-Output-Analyse Vertikale Verflechtungen Titze M., Brachert M. y Kubis A. La identificacion de aglomeraciones industriales regionales usando un analisis input-output cualitativo, Regional Studies. El concepto de 'cluster' es un marco teorico clave en el estudio de la competitividad a nivel regional. Los trabajos en este campo utilizan medidas de concentracion sectorial para la identificacion de clusters industriales. La discusion actual considera ademas las cadenas productivas de valor a nivel regional. Este studio identifica relaciones intersectoriales con ayuda de tablas input-output y Minimal-Flow-Analysis. La regionalizacion de las estructuras sectoriales identificadas se llava a cabo a traves de la distribucion de valores de produccion segun las cuotas regionales de empleo en cada sector. Los resultados indican que tan solo 27 de las 439 regiones NUTS-3 alemanas presentan caracteristicas propias de clusters industriales verticales. Clusters industriales Analisis input-output cualitativo Relaciones intersectoriales verticales

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 89-102

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:1:p:89-102
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