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Clusters, Linkages and Interregional Spillovers: Methodology and Policy Implications for the Two Dutch Mainports and the Rural North


  • Jan Oosterhaven
  • Gerard Eding
  • Dirk Stelder


This paper develops a consistent framework to detect regional clusters of interrelated economic activity, and to evaluate both the regional and the national economic significance of individual sectors and regions. By using bi-regional input-output data it appears to be possible to distinguish systematically between intraregional clusters and linkages, and their interregional spillovers. The methodology is applied to three Dutch regions that are especially important from a spatial policy perspective. The conclusions, surprisingly, do not substantiate some of the traditional beliefs held, especially as regards the assumed importance of the Dutch transport sector. Cet article cherche a developper un systeme coherent apartir duquel on peut devoiler des grappes regionales d'activites economiques etroitement liees, et evaluer l'importance economique regionale et nationale des secteurs et des regions particuliers. A partir des tableaux d'echanges intersectoriels pour deux regions, il est possible de distinguer systematiquement entre les grappes et les maillages intrasectoriels, et leurs retombees interregionales. On applique la methodologie atrois regions en Hollande qui sont particulierement importantes sur le plan de la politique d'amenagement du territotoire. Il est a surprendre que les conclusions ne viennent pas a l'appui de quelques-unes des idees recues, notamment quant a l'importance du secteur du transport. Dieser Aufsatz entwickelt einen einheitlichen Rahmen zur Ermittlung regionaler Kluster zusammenhangender wirtschaftlicher Unternehmungen, und zur Bewertung der wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung einzelner Sektoren und Regionen auf regionaler wie auf Landesebene. Dank bi-regionaler Aufwands-und Ertragsdaten ist eine systematische Unterscheidung von intra-regionalen Klustern und Verknupfungen und ihrem interregionalen Uberschwappen moglich. Die Methodik wird auf drei niederlandische Regionen angewandt, die vom Gesichtspunkt der Raumpolitik her besonders wichtig sind. Uberraschenderweise erharten die Schlussfolgerungen nicht alle der traditionell vertretenen Meinungen, vorallem in Bezug auf die angenommene Bedeutung des niederlandischen

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Oosterhaven & Gerard Eding & Dirk Stelder, 2001. "Clusters, Linkages and Interregional Spillovers: Methodology and Policy Implications for the Two Dutch Mainports and the Rural North," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(9), pages 809-822.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:35:y:2001:i:9:p:809-822
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400120090239

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Edward Feser & Edward Bergman, 2000. "National Industry Cluster Templates: A Framework for Applied Regional Cluster Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 1-19.
    2. Holub, H. W. & Schnabl, H., 1985. "Qualitative input-output analysis and structural information," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 67-73, January.
    3. Paul Elhorst, 1999. "Welfare Effects of Spatial Deconcentration: A Scenario for the Netherlands," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 90(1), pages 17-31, February.
    4. Edward M. Bergman & Edward J. Feser, . "Industrial and regional Clusters: Concepts and Comparative Applications," Wholbk, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University, number 19 edited by Randall Jackson, November.
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    2. repec:dgr:rugsom:04c01 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Shan, Jun & Yu, Mingzhu & Lee, Chung-Yee, 2014. "An empirical investigation of the seaport’s economic impact: Evidence from major ports in China," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 41-53.
    4. Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Kubis, Alexander, 2010. "The Identification of Industrial Clusters – Methodical Aspects in a Multidimensional Framework for Cluster Identification," IWH Discussion Papers 14/2010, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    5. Kubis, Alexander & Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Lehmann, H. & Bergner, U., 2009. "Regionale Entwicklungsmuster und ihre Konsequenzen für die Raumordnungspolitik," IWH-Sonderhefte 3/2009, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    6. Jan Oosterhaven, 2007. "The net multiplier is a new key sector indicator: reply to De Mesnard’s comment," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 41(2), pages 273-283, June.
    7. César Ducruet & Hidekazu Itoh, 2016. "Regions and material flows: investigating the regional branching and industry relatedness of port traffics in a global perspective," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(4), pages 805-830.
    8. Garbellini, Nadia & Wirkierman, Ariel Luis, 2014. "Blocks and circularity in labour requirements: An interplay between clusters and subsystems in the EU," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 60-74.
    9. Amanda Mackloet, 2006. "Locational Dynamics in an Era of Global Economic Change: Is the Port of Rotterdam Up to the Challenge?," ERSA conference papers ersa06p337, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Oosterhaven, Jan, 2004. "On the definition of key sectors and the stability of net versus gross multipliers," Research Report 04C01, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    11. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch, 2011. "Mapping Local and Regional Potentials for Inter-sectoral Technology Flows in Industrial Clusters – Empirical Results for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa11p660, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Ana-Isabel Guerra, 2011. "Merging the Hypothetical Extraction Method and the Classical Multiplier Approach: A Hybrid Possibility for Identifying Key Distributive Sectors," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 886.11, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
    13. Scott Kelly & Peter Tyler & Douglas Crawford-Brown, 2016. "Exploring Vulnerability and Interdependency of UK Infrastructure Using Key-Linkages Analysis," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 865-892, September.
    14. Hendrik P. van Dalen & Aico P. van Vuuren, 2003. "Greasing the Wheels of Trade," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-066/1, Tinbergen Institute.
    15. Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Kubis, Alexander, 2008. "The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis," IWH Discussion Papers 13/2008, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    16. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2011. "Local and regional knowledge sources of industrial clusters - methodical aspects in a multidimensional framework for cluster identification," ERSA conference papers ersa10p709, European Regional Science Association.
    17. Robles Teigeiro, Luis & Ramos Carvajal, Carmen, 2007. "Una propuesta metodológica para la identificación y evaluación de clusters a partir de tablas Input-Output. Una aplicación para Andalucía/A Methodological Proposal for Getting the Sectorial Clusters i," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 759-790, Diciembre.
    18. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2011. "The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis (QIOA)," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 89-102.
    19. André van Stel & Henry Nieuwenhuijsen, 2002. "Knowledge Spillovers and Economic Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 02-051/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    20. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2014. "Actors and Interactions—Identifying the Role of Industrial Clusters for Regional Production and Knowledge Generation Activities," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(2), pages 163-190, June.
    21. Oosterhaven, Jan, 2002. "On the dynamics of net versus gross multipliers," ERSA conference papers ersa02p005, European Regional Science Association.
    22. Sergio Rey & Myrna Sastré-Gutiérrez, 2010. "Interregional Inequality Dynamics in Mexico," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 277-298.


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