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Concentration and Specialization Trends in Germany since Re-unification

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  • Jens Suedekum

Abstract

Suedekum J. (2006) Concentration and specialization trends in Germany since re-unification, Regional Studies 40, 861-873. This paper describes the development of regional specialization and geographical concentration in Germany from 1993 to 2001. It finds compelling evidence neither for a specialization process of German regions, nor for a concentration process of industries. This conclusion holds by and large for all levels of territorial aggregation. Suedekum J. (2006) Les tendances a la concentration et a la specialisation en Allemagne depuis la reunification, Regional Studies 40, 861-873. Cet article cherche a presenter le developpement de la specialisation regionale et la concentration geographique en Allemagne de 1993 a 2001. On conclut que rien ne favorise ni la specialisation des regions allemandes, ni la concentration industrielle. En regle generale, cette conclusion est valable pour toute delimitation territoriale. Specialisation regionale Concentration geographique Integration economique Croissance de l'empoi Allemagne Suedekum J. (2006) Konzentration und Spezialisierung in Deutschland nach der Wiedervereinigung, Regional Studies 40, 861-873. Dieser Aufsatz beschreibt die Entwicklung regionaler Spezialisierung und geographischer Konzentration in Deutschland im Zeitraum 1993-2001. Es lassen sich weder zwingende Beweise fur einen Vorgang der Spezialisierung deutscher Regionen noch fur einen Konzentrationprozess der Industrie feststellen. Diese Schlussfolgerung gilt im grossen und ganzen fur alle Stufen der Ballung auf Gebietsebene. Regionale Spezialisierung geographische Konzentration wirtschaftliche Integration Zunahme der Erwerbstatigkeit Deutschland Suedekum J. (2006) Tendencias de concentracion y especializacion en Alemania desde la reunificacion, Regional Studies 40, 861-873. En este documento describimos el desarrollo de la especializacion regional y la concentracion geografica en Alemania durante el periodo de 1993 a 2001. No hallamos una prueba convincente de un proceso de especializacion de las regiones alemanas ni un proceso de concentracion de las industrias. Se llega a esta conclusion general para todos los niveles de agregacion territorial. Especializacion regional Concentracion geografica Integracion economica Crecimiento del empleo Alemania

Suggested Citation

  • Jens Suedekum, 2006. "Concentration and Specialization Trends in Germany since Re-unification," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(8), pages 861-873.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:8:p:861-873
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400600985087
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    Cited by:

    1. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral Del RÍo, 2012. "Concentration of Economic Activity: Inequality-Based Measures," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 223-246, June.
    2. Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2014. "The Effect of Regional Entrepreneurship Culture on Economic Development - Evidence for Germany," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1411, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Apr 2014.
    3. Jens Suedekum & Uwe Blien, 2005. "Local Economic Structure and Industry Development in Germany, 1993-2001," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 15(17), pages 1-8.
    4. Sedef Akgüngör & Pinar Falcioglu, 2005. "European Integration and Regional Specialization Patterns in Turkey's Manufacturing Industry," Discussion Paper Series 05/01, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Business, Department of Economics, revised 23 Nov 2005.
    5. Anne Otto & Dirk Fornahl, 2009. "Cohesion Policy:Methodology And Indicators Towards Common Approach," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 3(1), pages 1-35, JUNE.
    6. Stirboeck, Claudia, 2006. "A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Regional Specialization Patterns across EU Regions," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 36(3), pages 324-361.
    7. Olga Alonso-Villar, 2011. "Measuring concentration: Lorenz curves and their decompositions," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(2), pages 451-475, October.
    8. Rosalba Rombaldoni, 2013. "Location models of European manufacturing industry: recent changes and perspectives," Working Papers 1307, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2013.
    9. Longhi, Christian & Musolesi, Antonio & Baumont, Catherine, 2014. "Modeling structural change in the European metropolitan areas during the process of economic integration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 395-407.
    10. Pinar Falcioğlu & Sedef Akgüngör, 2008. "Regional Specialization and Industrial Concentration Patterns in the Turkish Manufacturing Industry: An Assessment for the 1980--2000 Period1," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(2), pages 303-323, February.
    11. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral del Río, 2009. "Geographic Concentration of Economic Activity: An aggregate index," Working Papers 0901, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
    12. Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Kubis, Alexander, 2008. "The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis," IWH Discussion Papers 13/2008, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    13. Otto, Anne & Fornahl, Dirk, 2008. "Long-term growth determinants of young businesses in Germany : effects of regional concentration and specialisation," IAB Discussion Paper 200813, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    14. Olga Alonso-Villar, 2008. "What are we assuming when using inequality measures to quantify geographic concentration? An axiomatic approach," Working Papers 0801, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
    15. Reinhold Kosfeld & Hans-Friedrich Eckey & Jørgen Lauridsen, 2011. "Spatial point pattern analysis and industry concentration," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(2), pages 311-328, October.
    16. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2011. "The Identification of Regional Industrial Clusters Using Qualitative Input-Output Analysis (QIOA)," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 89-102.
    17. Dieter F. Kogler & Jürgen Essletzbichler & David L. Rigby, 2017. "The evolution of specialization in the EU15 knowledge space," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(2), pages 345-373.
    18. Südekum, Jens, 2008. "Convergence of the skill composition across German regions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 148-159, March.
    19. Rita De Siano & Marcella D'Uva, 2012. "Italian regional specialization: a spatial analysis," Discussion Papers 7_2012, CRISEI, University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
    20. Longhi, C. & Musolesi, A. & Baumont, C., 2013. "Modeling the industrial dynamics of the European metropolitan areas during the process of economic integration: a semiparametric approach," Working Papers 2013-10, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional specialization; Geographical concentration; Economic integration; Employment growth; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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