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Do Organizational and Spatial Proximity Impact on Firm Performance?

  • Leon Oerlemans
  • Marius Meeus
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    Oerlemans L. A. G. and Meeus M. T. H. (2005) Do organizational and spatial proximity impact on firm performance?, Regional Studies39, 89-104. Recent theoretical developments in organization science, economic geography and regional economics have emphasized the importance of organizational and geographical proximity for the performance of firms. Empirical evidence on these relationships is scarce, though. The paper asks to what extent firm-specific resources, network activity, proximity and industry factors influence innovative and economic outcomes. We used a theoretical synthesis of regional and organizational science, and economic geography to build a research model that enabled us to derive several hypotheses on the influence of different forms of proximity on outcomes, taking other relevant predictors for performance into account. The empirical findings specify the importance of proximity especially for innovative outcomes. We found that in particular intra- and interregional relations with buyers and suppliers are conducive for firm performance. Moreover, innovation strategy (dis)similarity has interesting effects on relative firm performance. Finally, sectoral research and development spillovers influence outcomes in a positive way. Oerlemans L. A. G. et Meeus M. T. H. (2005) La proximite organisationnelle et geographique, importe-t-elle pour la performance des entreprises?, Regional Studies39, 89-104. De recentes avances theoriques dans la science organisationnelle, la geographie economique, et l'economie regionale ont souligne l'importance de la proximite organisationnelle et geographique pour la performance des entreprises. Cependant, rares sont les preuves empiriques sur ces rapports. Cet article cherche a determiner dans quelle mesure les ressources specifiques a l'entreprise, la constitution de reseaux, la proximite, et les facteurs lies a l'industrie influencent les resultats innovateurs et economiques. A partir d'un synthese theorique de la science regionale et organisationnelle, et de la geographie economique, on construit un modele de recherche qui permet d'obtenir plusieurs hypotheses sur l'influence de diverses formes de proximite sur les resultats, tout en tenant compte des autres moyens d'estimer la performance. Les resultats empiriques precisent l'importance de la proximite, surtout pour ce qui est des resultats innovateurs. Il s'avere en particulier que des rapports intra et interregionaux avec les acheteurs et les vendeurs sont propices a la performance des entreprises. En outre, la(dis)similitude entre les strategies en faveur de l'innovation a des effets interessants sur la performance relative des entreprises. Pour finir, les retombees de R et D sectorielles influencent les resultats de facon positive. Oerlemans L. A. G. und Meeus M. T. H. (2005) Die Auswirkung organisatorischer und raumlicher Nahe auf Firmenleistung, Regional Studies39, 89-104. Die neuesten theoretischen Entwicklungen auf den Gebieten der Organisationswissenschaft, Wirtschaftsgeographie und Regionalwirtschaft haben die Bedeutung organisatorischer und geographischer Nahe fur Firmenbildung betont. Es gibt jedoch nur wenig empirische Beweise fur diese Beziehungen. In diesem Aufsatz wird die Frage aufgeworfen, in welchem Ausmass firmenspezifische Ressourcen, Netzwerkunternehungen, Nahe und Industriefaktoren innovative und wirtschaftliche Ergebnisse beeinflussen. Die Autoren benutzen eine theoretische Synthese regionaler und organisatorischer Wissenschaften sowie der Wirtschaftsgeographie, um ein Forschungsmodell zu konstruieren, das sie in die Lage versetzt, verschiedene Hypothesen uber den Einfluss unterschiedlicher Formen der Nahe auf Ergebnisse anzugeben, wobei andere relevante Voraussagefaktoren fur Leistung in Rechnung gestellt werden. Die empirischen Befunde heben die Bedeutung der Nahe besonders fur innovative Ergebnisse hervor. Es ergibt sich, dass der Firmenleistung vorallem intra-und interregionale Beziehungen zu Kaufern und Lieferanten dienlich sind. Daruberhinaus uben (Un)ahnlichkeiten der Innovationsstrategien interessante Wirkungen auf relative Firmenleistung aus. Letztlich hat auch die Verbreitung von Forschung und Entwicklung einen positiven Einfluss auf die Ergebnisse. Oerlemans L. A. G. y Meeus M. T. H. (2005) Como afecta al rendimiento de las empresas la proximidad espacial y organizacional?, Regional Studies39, 89-104. Los desarrollos teoricos recientes en torno a la ciencia organizacional, la geografia economica y la economia regional han resaltado la importancia de la proximidad geografica y organizacional para el rendimiento de las empresas. No obstante, la evidencia empirica en torno a dichas relaciones es escasa. En este articulo, nos planteamos hasta que punto los recursos especificos de las empresas, actividades de networking, la proximidad y los factores industriales influyen los resultados economicos y de innovacion. Utilizamos una sintesis teorica de la ciencia regional y organizacional, asi como de la geografia economica, para elaborar un modelo de investigacion que nos permitiera derivar una serie de hipotesis sobre la influencia de los diferentes tipos de proximidad en los resultados, teniendo en cuenta otros indicadores relevantes para el rendimiento. Nuestros resultados empiricos realzan la importancia de la proximidad especialmente para los resultados de innovacion. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que, en particular, las relaciones intra- e inter-regionales con compradores y proveedores conducen al rendimiento de las empresas. Ademas, la desemejanza entre las estrategias de innovacion tiene efectos interesantes en el rendimiento relativo de las empresas. Finalmente, los efectos de arrastre de I&D sectoriales influyen en los resultados de forma positiva.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 89-104

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:39:y:2005:i:1:p:89-104
    DOI: 10.1080/0034340052000320896
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