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Spatial agglomeration and business groups: New evidence from Italian industrial districts

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  • Giulio Cainelli
  • Donato Iacobucci
  • Enrica Morganti

Abstract

Cainelli G., Iacobucci D. and Morganti E. (2006) Spatial agglomeration and business groups: new evidence from Italian industrial districts, Regional Studies 40, 507-518. This paper is a first attempt to analyse the relationship between spatial agglomeration and firms' organizational structures. It takes advantage of a new and large data set at firm and business group level that allows one to analyse the differences in the presence and characteristics of business groups between districts and non-district areas. Overall, the results confirm the hypothesis that spatial agglomeration of business activities influences firms' organization. Groups are more widespread in industrial districts than in non-district areas; moreover, groups in industrial districts are less diversified and more spatially concentrated than groups outside industrial districts. Cainelli G., Iacobucci D. et Morganti E. (2006) L'agglomeration geographique et les groupes commerciaux: de nouvelles preuves provenant des districts italiens, Regional Studies 40, 507-518. Cet article constitue une premiere tentative d'analyser le rapport entre l'agglommeration geographique et les structures organisationnelles des entreprises. On profite d'une nouvelle banque de donnees importante aupres des entreprises et des activites commerciales qui permet l'analyse des differences de la presence et des caracteristiques des groupes commerciaux implantes dans les districts par rapport a ceux qui sont implantes dans d'autres delimitations geographiques. Tout considere, les resultats confirment l'hypothese suivant: l'agglomeration des activites commerciales influent sur l'organisation des entreprises. Les groupes s'averent plus eparpilles dans les districts industriels qu'ils ne le sont ailleurs. Qui plus est, les groupes situes dans les districts industriels sont moins diversifies et plus concentres geographiquement que ne le sont les groupes situes en dehors des districts industriels. Groupes commerciaux, Districts industriels, Agglomeration geographique, Formes d'organisation des entreprises Cainelli G., Iacobucci D. und Morganti E. (2006) Raumliche Ballung und Betriebsgruppen:neue Beweise aus italienischen Industriegebieten, Regional Studies 40, 507-518. Dieser Aufsatz stellt einen ersten Versuch dar, die Beziehung zwischen raumlicher Ballung und den organisatorischen Strukturen von Firmen zu analysieren. Er macht sich eine neue und umfassende Datenreihe auf Firmen- und Betriebsgruppenebene zu Nutze, die gestattet, die Unterschiede im Vorhandenseins und Eigenschaften von Betriebsgruppen zwischen Distrikten und nicht-Distrikten-angeho rigen Gebieten zu analysieren. Insgesamt bestatigen die Ergebnisse die Hypothese, dass raumliche Ballung von geschaftlichen Unternehmen die Organisation von Firmen beeinflusst: Gruppen sind in Industriegebieten weiter verbreitet als in nicht industriell gepragten Gebieten;daruber hinaus sind Gruppen in Industriegebieten weniger differenziert und raumlich starker konzentriert als Gruppen ausserhalb der Industriegebiete Betriebsgruppen, Industriegebiete, raumliche Ballung, Organisationsformen von Firmen Cainelli G., Iacobucci D. y Morganti E. (2006) Aglomeracion espacial y grupos comerciales: nuevo ejemplo de zonas industriales en Italia, Regional Studies 40, 507-518. En este ensayo pretendemos analizar por primera vez la relacion entre la aglomeracion espacial y las estructuras organizativas de las empresas. Con ayuda de un nuevo y exhaustivo grupo de datos sobre empresas y negocios, analizamos que diferencias existen en cuanto a la presencia y las caracteristicas de grupos comerciales en zonas industriales comparado con otras areas no industriales. En general los resultados confirman la hipo tesis de que la organizacion de las empresas se ve influenciada por la aglomeracion espacial de las actividades comerciales. Se observa que son mas comunes los grupos en zonas industriales que en areas no industriales. Ademas, los grupos en zonas industriales estan menos diversificados y espacialmente mas concentrados que los grupos de otras areas no industriales. Grupos comerciales, Zonas industriales, Aglomeracion espacial, Formas organizativas de empresas

Suggested Citation

  • Giulio Cainelli & Donato Iacobucci & Enrica Morganti, 2006. "Spatial agglomeration and business groups: New evidence from Italian industrial districts," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 507-518.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:5:p:507-518 DOI: 10.1080/00343400600757585
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    1. Tattara, Giuseppe, 2005. "Il Diverso Modo In Cui Le Piccole Imprese Misurano Il Loro Successo
      [How Do Small Firms Growth?]
      ," MPRA Paper 10783, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Guido Fioretti, 2005. "Individual Contacts, Collective Patterns. Prato 1975-97, a story of interactions," Urban/Regional 0504010, EconWPA.
    3. Lorenzo Ciapetti, 2011. "Technological Change, Knowledge Integration and Adaptive Processes: The Mechatronic Evolution of the Reggio Emilia District," Chapters,in: Knowledge Transfer and Technology Diffusion, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Fioretti, Guido, 2010. "Trajectories in Physical Space out of Communications in Acquaintance Space: An Agent-Based Model of a Textile Industrial District," MPRA Paper 24902, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Fiorenza BELUSSI & Luciano PILOTTI & Silvia Rita SEDITA, 2006. "Learning at the boundaries for industrial districts between exploitation of local resources and the exploration of global knowledge flows," Departmental Working Papers 2006-40, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    6. Sandrine Labory & Patrizio Bianchi, 2014. "The institutional framework of Industrial policies," Working Papers 2014203, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.
    7. Roberta Rabellotti & Anna Carabelli & Giovanna Hirsch, 2007. "Italian SMEs and industrial districts on the move: Where are they going?," Working Papers 115, SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - University of Eastern Piedmont.
    8. Valentina De Marchi & Roberto Grandinetti & Riccardo Voltani, 2014. "Come stanno cambiando le economie regionali. Un confronto tra Veneto, Piemonte, e Puglia," ECONOMIA E SOCIETÀ REGIONALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2014(2), pages 126-160.
    9. Francesco Quatraro, 2009. "The diffusion of regional innovation capabilities: Evidence from Italian patent data," Post-Print halshs-00727623, HAL.
    10. Fiorenza Belussi & Luciano Pilotti & Silvia Rita Sedita, 2006. "Learning at the boundaries for industrial districts between exploitation of local resources and exploration of global knowledge flows," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0033, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
    11. Giulio Cainelli & Donato Iacobucci, 2006. "The Role of Agglomeration and Technology in Shaping Firm's Strategy and Organization," ERSA conference papers ersa06p286, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Antonio G. Calafati & Paolo Veneri, 2013. "Re-defining the Boundaries of Major Italian Cities," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 789-802.
    13. Costantini, Valeria & Mazzanti, Massimiliano & Montini, Anna, 2013. "Environmental performance, innovation and spillovers. Evidence from a regional NAMEA," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 101-114.
    14. Roberto Herranz & Ariel Mendez, 2008. "The social construction of competences and the forms of transitions in industrial territories," Post-Print halshs-00450824, HAL.
    15. Jiang Wei & Minfei Zhou & Mark Greeven & Hongyan Qu, 2016. "Economic governance, dual networks and innovative learning in five Chinese industrial clusters," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, pages 1037-1074.
    16. Giulio Cainelli & Massimiliano Mazzanti & Roberto Zoboli, 2011. "Enviromental Innovations, Complementarity and Local/Global Cooperation," Working Papers 201104, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business groups; Industrial districts; Spatial agglomeration; Firm's organizational forms;

    JEL classification:

    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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