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Externalities and long-term local industrial development. Some empirical evidence from Italy

Listed author(s):
  • Giulio Cainelli
  • Riccardo Leoncini

[fre] L'objet de cet article est de fournir, à partir d'une approche récemment développée par Glaeser et al. (1992), une étude empirique sur le rôle des externalités dans l'étude de l'agglomération industrielle et du développement de long terme. À l'aide d'un large panel de données contenant des informations au niveau des provinces italiennes pour 16 secteurs industriels couvrant une période de 30 ans (1961-1991), la spécialisation géographique et la variété de la production locale sont étudiées pour l'Italie et quatre zones géographiques (Nord-Ouest, Nord-Est, Sud-Est et Sud-Ouest). Il est montré que l'histoire compte (i.e. que les conditions initiales expliquent une large part de l'agglomération industrielle), mais qu'à l'intérieur des zones géographiques considérées différents schémas d'externalités apparaissent, ainsi que différents marchés locaux du travail pour le nord et le sud de l'Italie. [eng] The aim of this paper is to provide, following an approach recently developed by Glaeser et al. (1992), an empirical investigation on the role of extemalities in industrial agglomeration and long-run development. By means of a very large dataset containing information at level of Italian Provincia for 16 industrial sectors covering a thirty year period (1961 -1991 ), geographical specialisation and variety of the local production are investigated for both Italy and four geographical areas (North-West, North-East, South-East, South-West). It is argued that history matters (i.e. initial conditions explain a very high share of industrial agglomeration), but within the geographical areas taken into account very different patterns of extemalities emerge, as well as different local labour markets for the North and the South of Italy.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 90 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 25-39

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1999_num_90_1_1762
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1999.1762
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