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Geographical distribution of unemployment in Spain

Author

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  • Enrique Lopez-Bazo
  • Tomas Del Barrio
  • Manuel Artis

Abstract

Lopez-Bazo E., Del Barrio T. and Artis M. (2005) Geographical distribution of unemployment in Spain, Regional Studies 39 , 305-318. This paper estimates the external shape of the regional distribution of unemployment rates and it studies intradistribution dynamics to analyse the extent of regional inequalities in unemployment rates in Spain over the last decades. It also assesses the contribution of disequilibrium and equilibrium factors in giving rise to spatial differences in unemployment rates. Besides the traditional regression analysis, the effect of those factors on the whole regional distribution is estimated. Results reveal the existence of large differentials across the Spanish provinces in unemployment rates, the geographical distribution of which is characterized by strong persistence. Most of the characteristics of the distribution are induced by the equilibrium component of unemployment, although the influence of market equilibrium variables vanishes over the period under analysis, whereas the unequal distribution of amenities is the major responsible of spatial inequalities in unemployment rates at the late 1990s.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique Lopez-Bazo & Tomas Del Barrio & Manuel Artis, 2005. "Geographical distribution of unemployment in Spain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(3), pages 305-318.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:39:y:2005:i:3:p:305-318
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400500087034
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    Keywords

    Unemployment rate differentials; Regional labour markets; Distribution dynamics; Spatial analysis; Spain; Ecart des taux de chomage; Marches du travail regionaux; Dynamique de distribution; Analyse geographique; Espagne; Unterschiede in Arbeitslosenraten; regionale Arbeitsmarkte; Verteilungsdynamik; raumliche Analyse; Spanien; Diferenciales en las tasas de desempleo; Mercados laborales regionales; Dinamicas de distribucion; Analisis espacial; Espana; JEL classifications: C23; E24; R12; R23;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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