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Wage Inequality and Unemployment: US vs Europe

Author

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  • Bertola, Giuseppe
  • Ichino, Andrea

Abstract

The radical liberalization of foreign trade in Central and Eastern Europe since 1989 has been a key part of the economic reform and has been accompanied by a full-scale geographical reorientation of international trade from East to West. Increased trade with the EU has been associated with remarkably little change in the structure of that trade, which suggests that policy should be oriented towards facilitating rather than slowing industrial adjustment. Future trade policy priorities should include continued liberalization, better coordination of trade and exchange rate policy, the attraction of foreign direct investment, resistance to pressures for selective protection, further development of trade relations with the EU and of intra-regional trade relations, and full participation in the WTO.

Suggested Citation

  • Bertola, Giuseppe & Ichino, Andrea, 1995. "Wage Inequality and Unemployment: US vs Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1186, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1186
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Job Security; Labour Income Inequality; Regional Unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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