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A Theory of Employment, Unemployment and Sickness

Listed author(s):
  • Christina Beatty
  • Stephen Fothergill
  • Rob Macmillan
Registered author(s):

    BEATTY C., FOTHERGILL S. and MACMILLAN R. (2000) A theory of employment, unemployment and sickness, Reg. Studies 34, 617-630. This paper explains how the measurement of unemployment is distorted by the way that 'sickness' is defined and counted by social security systems. Drawing on the concepts of 'hidden sickness', 'the queue for jobs' and 'hidden unemployment', and on empirical observations from the UK, it shows how job loss can result in increased recorded sickness rather than recorded unemployment. It also shows how this process may vary between localities and countries. The argument has profound implications for perceptions of the true extent of unemployment and of labour market disparities between regions. BEATTY C., FOTHERGILL S. et MACMILLAN R. (2000) L'emploi, le chômage et la maladie: une théorie, Reg. Studies 34, 617-630. Cet article cherchèaexpliquer comment la mesure du chômage s'avère fausséèacause de la fac¸on dont la Sécu définit 'maladie' et la comptabilise. Puisant dans des notions de 'maladie déguisée', 'file d'attente pour l'emploi' et 'chômage déguisé', et à partir des preuves empiriques provenant du R-U, on laisse voir comment la perte d'emploi peut entrâ L ner une hausse du nombre des maladies comptabilisées plutôt qu'une augmentation du nombre des chômeurs inscrits. On laisse voir aussi comment ce processus varie suivant la région et le pays. Les retombées de cet argument remettent clairement en question le vrai niveau du chômage et l'ampleur des disparités interrégionales entre les marchés du travail. BEATTY C., FOTHERGILL S. und MACMILLAN R. (2000) Eine Theorie der Erwerbstätigkeit, Arbeitslosigkeit und Krankheit, Reg. Studies 34, 617-630. Dieser Aufsatz erklärt, wie die Messung der Arbeitslosigkeit durch die Art und Weise der Definition und Zählung von 'Krankheit' durch Sozialversicherungssystemen bestimmt wird. Gestützt auf die Begriffe, 'versteckte Krankheit', 'Warteliste der Arbeitsuchenden' und 'versteckte Arbeitslosigkeit' sowie auf empirische Beobachtungen in Großbritannien, zeigt er auf, wie Verlust des Arbeitsplatzes eher zu vermehrter Registrierung von Krankheit als Registrierung von Arbeitslosigkeit führen kann. Er zeigt auch, wie dieser Vorgang von Ort zu Ort und von Land zu Land schwanken kann. Das Argument hat tiefgreifende Implikationen für die Einschätzung des wahren Ausmaßes der Arbeitslosigkeit und regionaler Ungleichheiten im Arbeitsmarkt.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 7 (October)
    Pages: 617-630

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:7:p:617-630
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400050178429
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    1. John Tomaney & Andy Pike & James Cornford, 1999. "Plant Closure and the Local Economy: The Case of Swan Hunter on Tyneside," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 401-411.
    2. John Sutherland, 1999. "Further reflections on hidden unemployment: An examination of the off-flows from the claimant count in the North West of England," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 465-476.
    3. David Armstrong, 1999. "Hidden Male Unemployment in Northern Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 499-511.
    4. R R MacKay, 1999. "Work and nonwork: a more difficult labour market," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(11), pages 1919-1934, November.
    5. Ivan Turok & David Webster, 1998. "The New Deal," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 12(4), pages 309-328, February.
    6. Gloria J. Bazzoli, 1985. "The Early Retirement Decision: New Empirical Evidence on the Influence of Health," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(2), pages 214-234.
    7. Haveman, Robert & Wolfe, Barbara & Kreider, Brent & Stone, Mark, 1994. "Market work, wages, and men's health," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 163-182, July.
    8. A. E. Green, 1999. "Insights into unemployment and non-employment in Europe using alternative measures," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 453-464.
    9. John Bound, 1991. "Self-Reported Versus Objective Measures of Health in Retirement Models," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 26(1), pages 106-138.
    10. Blondal, Sveinbjorn & Pearson, Mark, 1995. "Unemployment and Other Non-employment Benefits," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 136-169, Spring.
    11. Christina Beatty & Stephen Fothergill, 1996. "Labour Market Adjustment in Areas of Chronic Industrial Decline: The Case of the UK Coalfields," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(7), pages 627-640.
    12. Anderson, Kathryn H. & Burkhauser, Richard V., 1984. "The importance of the measure of health in empirical estimates of the labor supply of older men," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 375-380.
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