Mental health, work incapacity and State transfers: an analysis of the British Household Panel Survey
The UK has experienced substantial increases in the number of individuals claiming work incapacity benefit (IB) and the proportion of people claiming IB for mental health reasons. Following high-profile reports claiming that intervention would cost the State nothing, the Government has increased the availability of psychological therapies. The cost-neutrality claim relied on two statistics: the proportion of IB claimants diagnosed with mental and behavioural disorders; and estimates of the costs to the State of periods on IB. These are cross-sectional associations. We subject these two associations to more rigorous longitudinal analysis using nationally representative data from seventeen waves (1991-2007) of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). We model the effect of depression on (a) State transfers and (b) the probability of being on IB whilst controlling for covariates and unobservable heterogeneity. Our results reveal that cross-sectional associations with depression are substantially cnfounded. The estimated effects of becoming depressed on State transfers reduce by 83% and 88%, and on the probability of claiming IB drop to just 0.4 and 0.7 percentage points, for males and females respectively. We conclude that the stated benefits of reducing depression for the State and for labour market participation have been substantially over-estimated.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2010|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: HEDG/HERC, Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom|
Phone: (0)1904 323776
Fax: (0)1904 323759
Web page: http://www.york.ac.uk/economics/postgrad/herc/hedg/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Disney, Richard & Webb, Steven, 1991. "Why Are There So Many Long Term Sick in Britain?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(405), pages 252-62, March.
- Paul Contoyannis & Andrew M. Jones & Nigel Rice, 2002.
"Simulation-based Inference in Dynamic Panel Probit Models: an Application to Health,"
Department of Economics Working Papers
2002-12, McMaster University.
- Paul Contoyannis & Andrew M. Jones & Nigel Rice, 2004. "Simulation-based inference in dynamic panel probit models: An application to health," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 49-77, January.
- Katharina Hauck & Nigel Rice, 2004. "A longitudinal analysis of mental health mobility in Britain," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(10), pages 981-1001.
- Giulia Faggio & Stephen Nickell, 2005.
"Inactivity among prime age men in the UK,"
LSE Research Online Documents on Economics
19912, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- Stephen Fothergill, 2001. "The True Scale of the Regional Problem in the UK," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(3), pages 241-246.
- Duncan McVicar, 2006. "Why do disability benefit rolls vary between regions? A review of the evidence from the USA and the UK," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 519-533.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:yor:hectdg:10/21. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jane Rawlings)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.