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Determinants of internal and external R&D offshoring: evidence from Spanish firms


  • Mery Patricia Tamayo
  • Elena Huergo


This paper analyses the determinants of R&D offshoring of Spanish firms using information from the Panel of Technological Innovation. We find that being an exporter, international technological cooperation, continuous R&D engagement, applying for patents, being a foreign subsidiary, and firm size are factors that positively affect the decision to offshore R&D. In addition, we find that a lack of financing is an obstacle relatively more important for independent firms than for firms that belong to business groups. For these latter, we also obtain that the factors that influence the decision to offshore R&D differ depending on whether the firm purchases the R&D services within the group or through the market: a higher degree of importance assigned to internal sources of information for innovation as compared to market sources increases (decreases) the probability of R&D offshoring only through the group (market).

Suggested Citation

  • Mery Patricia Tamayo & Elena Huergo, 2017. "Determinants of internal and external R&D offshoring: evidence from Spanish firms," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 143-164, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:24:y:2017:i:2:p:143-164
    DOI: 10.1080/13662716.2016.1216394

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Grid Thoma & Salvatore Torrisi & Alfonso Gambardella & Dominique Guellec & Bronwyn H. Hall & Dietmar Harhoff, 2010. "Harmonizing and Combining Large Datasets - An Application to Firm-Level Patent and Accounting Data," NBER Working Papers 15851, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Liza Jabbour & Maria Pluvia Zuniga, 2009. "Drivers of the Offshore Outsourcing of R&D: Empirical Evidence from French Manufacturers," Discussion Papers 09/04, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    3. Chaney, Thomas, 2016. "Liquidity constrained exporters," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 141-154.
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    Cited by:

    1. Steinberg, Philip J. & Procher, Vivien D. & Urbig, Diemo, 2017. "Too much or too little of R&D offshoring: The impact of captive offshoring and contract offshoring on innovation performance," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1810-1823.
    2. Smol, Marzena & Kulczycka, Joanna, 2019. "Towards innovations development in the European raw material sector by evolution of the knowledge triangle," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 453-462.
    3. Un, C. Annique & Rodríguez, Alicia, 2018. "Learning from R&D outsourcing vs. learning by R&D outsourcing," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 72, pages 24-33.
    4. Cozza, Claudio & Franco, Chiara & Perani, Giulio, 2018. "R&D endowments at home driving R&D internationalisation: Evidence from the Italian business R&D survey," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 277-289.
    5. Mery Patricia Tamayo & Estefanía Gómez & Elena Huergo, 2018. "Obstacles to innovation and external sourcing of knowledge: Evidence for German and Spanish firms," Documentos de Trabajo de Valor Público 16257, Universidad EAFIT.
    6. Gavin Murphy & Iulia Siedschlag, 2018. "Determinants of R&D offshoring: firm-level evidence from a small open economy," Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, Springer;Fondazione Edison, vol. 35(2), pages 529-553, August.

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