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Common factors and spatial dependence: an application to US house prices

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  • Cynthia Fan Yang

Abstract

This article considers panel data models with cross-sectional dependence arising from both spatial autocorrelation and unobserved common factors. It proposes estimation methods that employ cross-sectional averages as factor proxies, including the 2SLS, Best 2SLS, and GMM estimations. The proposed estimators are robust to unknown heteroskedasticity and serial correlation in the disturbances, unrequired to estimate the number of unknown factors, and computationally tractable. The article establishes the asymptotic distributions of these estimators and compares their consistency and efficiency properties. Extensive Monte Carlo experiments lend support to the theoretical findings and demonstrate the satisfactory finite sample performance of the proposed estimators. The empirical section of the article finds strong evidence of spatial dependence of real house price changes across 377 Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the US from 1975Q1 to 2014Q4.

Suggested Citation

  • Cynthia Fan Yang, 2021. "Common factors and spatial dependence: an application to US house prices," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 14-50, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:emetrv:v:40:y:2021:i:1:p:14-50
    DOI: 10.1080/07474938.2020.1741785
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/07474938.2020.1741785
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    Cited by:

    1. Jia Chen & Yongcheol Shin & Chaowen Zheng, 2020. "Estimation and Inference in Heterogeneous Spatial Panel Data Models with a Multifactor Error Structure," Discussion Papers 20/03, Department of Economics, University of York.
    2. Michele Aquaro & Natalia Bailey & M. Hashem Pesaran, 2021. "Estimation and inference for spatial models with heterogeneous coefficients: An application to US house prices," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(1), pages 18-44, January.
    3. Pesaran, M. Hashem & Yang, Cynthia Fan, 2020. "Econometric analysis of production networks with dominant units," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 219(2), pages 507-541.
    4. George Kapetanios & M. Hashem Pesaran & Simon Reese, 2018. "A Residual-based Threshold Method for Detection of Units that are Too Big to Fail in Large Factor Models," CESifo Working Paper Series 7401, CESifo.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets

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