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The determinants of international reserves in the emerging countries: a nonlinear approach

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  • Anne-Laure Delatte
  • Julien Fouquau

Abstract

In this article, we adopt a nonlinear approach to examine the dynamics of the international reserves holdings by the emerging economies. To do so, we estimate the demand for international reserves with a Panel Smooth Transition Regression (PSTR) model that loosens two restricting hypotheses, homogeneity and time-stability. We find evidence for the presence of a nonlinear behaviour in the demand for international reserves, a result that is new to the literature. The coefficients are found to change smoothly, as a function of two threshold variables - out of five candidates tested in total. Our specification accounts for the acceleration of foreign exchange reserves accumulation that the linear specifications fail to explain.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne-Laure Delatte & Julien Fouquau, 2011. "The determinants of international reserves in the emerging countries: a nonlinear approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(28), pages 4179-4192.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:43:y:2011:i:28:p:4179-4192
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2010.489886
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hsiao, C. & Pesaran, M.H., 2004. "‘Random Coefficient Panel Data Models’," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0434, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    2. Sebastian Edwards, 2007. "Capital Controls, Sudden Stops, and Current Account Reversals," NBER Chapters,in: Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices and Consequences, pages 73-120 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:kap:empiri:v:45:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10663-016-9353-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Sona Benecka & Lubos Komarek, 2014. "International Reserves: Facing Model Uncertainty," Working Papers 2014/03, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    3. Andrea Fracasso & Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti, 2014. "International R&D Spillovers, Absorptive Capacity and Relative Backwardness: A Panel Smooth Transition Regression Model," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 137-160, March.
    4. Min B. Shrestha & Theresia A. Wansi, "undated". "Drivers of Reserves Accumulation in the South East Asian Countries," Working Papers wp02, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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