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Health care expenditure and GDP: An international panel smooth transition approach

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  • Chakroun, Mohamed

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the potential threshold effects in the relationship between national expenditures on health care and national income. Using a panel threshold regression model, we derive country-specific and time-specific income elasticities for 17 OECD countries over the period 1975–2003. In contrast to many previous analyses, our empirical results show that health care is a necessity rather than a luxury. Further, the relationship between health expenditure and income seems rather nonlinear, changing over time and across countries.

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  • Chakroun, Mohamed, 2009. "Health care expenditure and GDP: An international panel smooth transition approach," MPRA Paper 14322, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:14322
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    Cited by:

    1. Badi H. Baltagi & Raffaele Lagravinese & Francesco Moscone & Elisa Tosetti, 2017. "Health Care Expenditure and Income: A Global Perspective," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(7), pages 863-874, July.
    2. Lars Hultkrantz, 2021. "Discounting in economic evaluation of healthcare interventions: what about the risk term?," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 22(3), pages 357-363, April.
    3. Fengping Tian & Jiti Gao & Ke Yang, 2018. "A quantile regression approach to panel data analysis of health‐care expenditure in Organisation for Economic Co‐operation and Development countries," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(12), pages 1921-1944, December.
    4. Shiu-Wan Hung & Chiao-Ming Li & Ming-Yi Shen, 2018. "Regional analysis of the relationship between CO 2 emissions and financial development," International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 41(1/2/3/4), pages 2-13.
    5. Lago-Peñas, Santiago & Cantarero-Prieto, David & Blázquez-Fernández, Carla, 2013. "On the relationship between GDP and health care expenditure: A new look," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 124-129.
    6. Seher Sülkü & Asena Caner, 2011. "Health care expenditures and gross domestic product: the Turkish case," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 12(1), pages 29-38, February.
    7. Özlem Yorulmaz, 2016. "Can healthcare ever be less than a necessity in MENA countries? A semiparametric estimation of the relationship between healthcare expenditure and GDP," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 1233-1244, May.
    8. Joe-Ming Lee & Ku-Hsieh Chen & Jying-Nan Wang, 2016. "The Relation Between Bond Fund Investor Flows And Volatility," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 61(05), pages 1-13, December.
    9. Lena Dr䧥r & Jan-Oliver Menz & Ulrich Fritsche, 2014. "Perceived inflation under loss aversion," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 282-293, January.
    10. Nadide Sevil Halıcı-Tülüce & İbrahim Doğan & Cüneyt Dumrul, 2016. "Is income relevant for health expenditure and economic growth nexus?," International Journal of Health Economics and Management, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 23-49, March.
    11. Y. Natalia Alfonso & Guiru Ding & David Bishai, 2016. "Income Elasticity of Vaccines Spending versus General Healthcare Spending," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(7), pages 860-872, July.
    12. Mahmut ZORTUK & Sinan ÇEKEN, 2015. "The Relationship between Health Care Expenditures and Income in the Selected Transition Economies: A Panel Smooth Transition Regression Analysis," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 105-118, June.
    13. Mbanda, Vandudzai & Bonga-Bonga, Lumengo, 2019. "Municipal infrastructure spending capacity in South Africa: a panel smooth transition regression (PSTR) approach," MPRA Paper 91499, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Serdar Kurt, 2015. "Government Health Expenditures and Economic Growth: A Feder–Ram Approach for the Case of Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 441-447.
    15. Keegan, Conor & Brick, Aoife & Bergin, Adele & Wren, Maev-Ann & Whyte, Richard & Henry, Edward, 2020. "Projections of expenditure for public hospitals in Ireland, 2018–2035, based on the Hippocrates Model," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number RS117.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Health expenditure; Income elasticity; Panel smooth threshold regression models;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

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