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Evidence on growth and financial development using principal components

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  • Karima Saci
  • Ken Holden

Abstract

In the literature on the growth-financial development relationship, many different measures of financial development have been suggested. These are generally highly correlated and are frequently subject to measurement error. In this article, principal components are used as a means of measuring financial development. Using panel data for 30 developing countries on 10 measures of financial development, the properties of the principal components are discussed and their relationships with growth are examined. Estimation by the general method of moments suggests that principal components have a useful role in examining the links between growth and financial development.

Suggested Citation

  • Karima Saci & Ken Holden, 2008. "Evidence on growth and financial development using principal components," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(19), pages 1549-1560.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:18:y:2008:i:19:p:1549-1560
    DOI: 10.1080/09603100701720286
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alonso-Borrego, Cesar & Arellano, Manuel, 1999. "Symmetrically Normalized Instrumental-Variable Estimation Using Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 17(1), pages 36-49, January.
    2. Felix Rioja & Neven Valev, 2004. "Finance and the Sources of Growth at Various Stages of Economic Development," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(1), pages 127-140, January.
    3. Andres, Javier & Hernando, Ignacio & Lopez-Salido, J. David, 2004. "The role of the financial system in the growth-inflation link: the OECD experience," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 941-961, November.
    4. Arellano, Manuel, 1989. "A note on the Anderson-Hsiao estimator for panel data," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 337-341, December.
    5. Beck, Thorsten & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Levine, Ross, 1999. "A new database on financial development and structure," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2146, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Linh Bun & Nirvikar Singh, 2016. "Heterogeneous Patterns of Financial Development: Implications for Asian Financial Integration," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(2), pages 243-271, June.
    2. Muhsin KAR & Saban NAZLIOGLU & Huseyin AGIR, 2014. "Trade Openness, Financial Development, and Economic Growth in Turkey: Linear and Nonlinear Causality Analysis," Journal of BRSA Banking and Financial Markets, Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency, vol. 8(1), pages 63-86.
    3. Ouyang, Yaofu & Li, Peng, 2018. "On the nexus of financial development, economic growth, and energy consumption in China: New perspective from a GMM panel VAR approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 238-252.
    4. Rubi Ahmad & Oyebola Fatima Etudaiye-Muhtar & Bolaji Tunde Matemilola & Amin Noordin Bany-Ariffin, 2016. "Financial market development, global financial crisis and economic growth: evidence from developing nations," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 15(3), pages 199-214, December.
    5. Alessandro Giovannini & Maurizio Iacopetta & Raoul Minetti, 2013. "Financial Markets, Banks, and Growth : Disentangling the links," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 105-147.
    6. BARRA, Cristian & ZOTTI, Roberto, 2018. "Financial Stability as a Public Policy Goal to Increase Local Economic Development: an Empirical Investigation from Italian Labour Market Areas," CELPE Discussion Papers 154, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
    7. Hayat, Farah & Pirzada, Muhammad Daniel Saeed & Khan, Abid Ali, 2018. "The validation of Granger causality through formulation and use of finance-growth-energy indexes," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P2), pages 1859-1867.
    8. Syed Jawad Hussain SHAHZAD & Noureen ADNAN & Sajid ALI & Naveed RAZA, 2014. "Impact Of Remittances On Financial Development In South Asia," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 14, pages 11-29, December.
    9. Pradhan, Rudra P. & Arvin, Mak B. & Norman, Neville R. & Bele, Samadhan K., 2014. "Economic growth and the development of telecommunications infrastructure in the G-20 countries: A panel-VAR approach," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 634-649.
    10. Berdiev, Aziz N. & Saunoris, James W., 2016. "Financial development and the shadow economy: A panel VAR analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 197-207.
    11. Pradhan, Rudra P. & Arvin, Mak B. & Hall, John H. & Bahmani, Sahar, 2014. "Causal nexus between economic growth, banking sector development, stock market development, and other macroeconomic variables: The case of ASEAN countries," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 155-173.
    12. Çoban, Serap & Topcu, Mert, 2013. "The nexus between financial development and energy consumption in the EU: A dynamic panel data analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 81-88.
    13. Serap Coban, 2015. "Does the Financial Development Spur Export Performance? Evidence from Turkish Firm-Level Data," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 434-440.
    14. Mert Topcu & Bulent Altay, 2017. "New Insight into the Finance-Energy Nexus: Disaggregated Evidence from Turkish Sectors," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 1-16, January.

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