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Determinants of malnutrition in Indian children: new evidence from IDHS through CIAF

Listed author(s):
  • Rana Khan

    ()

  • Muhammad Raza

    ()

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the determinants of malnutrition in children (under 5 years) in urban and rural areas of India. The ultimate objective is to frame policy proposals for children’s nutritional welfare. In this empirical study, logit model is applied to 9,381 observations of urban and 18,418 of rural areas. The composite index of anthropometric failure is constructed to use it as an indicator of malnutrition. The results revealed that probability for anthropometric failure increases by age, birth-order and duration of breastfeeding. The birth-interval, delivery of the child in hospital, wealth index of the household, mother’s BMI and mother’s education turned out to be negatively affecting children’s malnutrition in both urban and rural areas. Gender of the child has no significant effect on malnutrition in both urban and rural communities. From the policy perspective enlarging the birth-interval through family planning programs and squeezing the duration of breastfeeding by giving supplement food at subsidized rates may contribute to enhance children’s nutritional status. For the long-run socioeconomic status of the household and BMI of mothers require attention of policy makers. To break the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition, the nutritional status of today’s girls in the age of adolescent is recommended to be improved. The findings of study may support academicians, policy makers and social activists for human development programs in India. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11135-014-0149-x
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Article provided by Springer in its journal Quality & Quantity.

Volume (Year): 50 (2016)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 299-316

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Handle: RePEc:spr:qualqt:v:50:y:2016:i:1:p:299-316
DOI: 10.1007/s11135-014-0149-x
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Order Information: Web: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/11135

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  1. Marito Garcia & Harold Alderman, 1989. "Patterns and Determinants of Malnutrition in Children in Pakistan: Impact of Community Health," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 28(4), pages 891-902.
  2. Sonalde Desai & Soumya Alva, 1998. "Maternal education and child health: Is there a strong causal relationship?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 35(1), pages 71-81, February.
  3. Oakes, J. Michael & Rossi, Peter H., 2003. "The measurement of SES in health research: current practice and steps toward a new approach," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 769-784, February.
  4. G. M. Arif, 2004. "Child Health and Poverty in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 43(3), pages 211-238.
  5. Behrman, Jere R., 1988. "Nutrition, health, birth order and seasonality : Intrahousehold allocation among children in rural India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 43-62, February.
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  7. Rohini Pande, 2003. "Selective gender differences in childhood nutrition and immunization in rural India: The role of siblings," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 40(3), pages 395-418, August.
  8. Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali & Raza, Muhammad Ali, 2014. "Nutritional Status of Children in Bangladesh:Measuring Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) and its Determinants," MPRA Paper 66550, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Paul Glewwe, 1999. "Why Does Mother's Schooling Raise Child Health in Developing Countries? Evidence from Morocco," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(1), pages 124-159.
  10. Sabiha Ibrahim, 1999. "Anthropometric Patterns and Correlates of Growth Attainment in Under-five Pakistani Children," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 38(2), pages 131-152.
  11. Alain Marcoux, 2002. "Sex Differentials in Undernutrition: A Look at Survey Evidence," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 28(2), pages 275-284.
  12. Moock, Peter R. & Leslie, Joanne, 1986. "Childhood malnutrition and schooling in the Terai region of Nepal," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 33-52.
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