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Firm size distribution under horizontal and vertical innovation

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  • Pedro Gil

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  • Fernanda Figueiredo

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Abstract

This paper studies the firm size distribution arising from an endogenous growth model of quality ladders with expanding variety. The probability distribution function of a given cohort is a Poisson distribution that converges asymptotically to a normal of log size. However, due to firm entry propelled by horizontal R&D, the total distribution—i.e., when the entire population of firms is considered—is a mixture of overlapping Poisson distributions which is systematically right skewed and exhibits a fatter upper tail than the normal distribution of log size. Our theoretical results qualitatively match the empirical evidence found both for the cohort and the total distribution, and which has been presented as a challenge for theory to explain. Moreover, by obtaining a total distribution with a gradually increasing average over a long time span, the model is able to address complementary empirical evidence that points to a total distribution subtly evolving over time. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Pedro Gil & Fernanda Figueiredo, 2013. "Firm size distribution under horizontal and vertical innovation," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 129-161, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joevec:v:23:y:2013:i:1:p:129-161
    DOI: 10.1007/s00191-011-0246-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Świadek Arkadiusz & Szopik-Depczyńska Katarzyna, 2014. "Changes In Innovation Activity In Regional Industrial System In The Context Of Size Of Enterprises In West Pomeranian Province," Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia, Sciendo, vol. 14(2), pages 225-238, December.
    2. Zakaria Babutsidze, 2016. "Innovation, competition and firm size distribution on fragmented markets," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 143-169, March.
    3. Pedro Mazeda Gil & Gustavo Iglésias,, 2018. "Endogenous Growth and Real Effects of Monetary Policy: R&D and Physical Capital Complementarities in a Cash-in-Advance Economy," CEF.UP Working Papers 1802, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    4. Arkadiusz Świadek, 2014. "Wpływ wielkości przedsiębiorstw na innowacyjność systemu przemysłowego w Polsce," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 1, pages 121-139.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Firm size distribution; Skewness; Heavy tails; Endogenous growth; Horizontal and vertical R&D; O41; O38; L11;

    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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