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The location and allocation of products and product families on retail shelves


  • Robert Russell


  • Timothy Urban



In this paper, we model a shelf-management problem in which individual products are categorized as part of a product family. It is well known that a product’s shelf location has a significant impact on sales for many retail items. We develop a continuous as well as a discrete model with postprocessing to optimize product placement with consideration given to maintaining the grouping of product families. Computational results are reported on test problems as well as real-world beverage placement problems. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Russell & Timothy Urban, 2010. "The location and allocation of products and product families on retail shelves," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 179(1), pages 131-147, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:annopr:v:179:y:2010:i:1:p:131-147:10.1007/s10479-008-0450-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s10479-008-0450-y

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. N P Hoare & J E Beasley, 2001. "Placing boxes on shelves: a case study," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Palgrave Macmillan;The OR Society, vol. 52(6), pages 605-614, June.
    2. Amrouche, Nawel & Zaccour, Georges, 2007. "Shelf-space allocation of national and private brands," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 180(2), pages 648-663, July.
    3. Reyes, Pedro M. & Frazier, Gregory V., 2007. "Goal programming model for grocery shelf space allocation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 181(2), pages 634-644, September.
    4. Yang, Ming-Hsien & Chen, Wen-Cher, 1999. "A study on shelf space allocation and management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 309-317, April.
    5. Hariga, Moncer A. & Al-Ahmari, Abdulrahman & Mohamed, Abdel-Rahman A., 2007. "A joint optimisation model for inventory replenishment, product assortment, shelf space and display area allocation decisions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 181(1), pages 239-251, August.
    6. Yang, Ming-Hsien, 2001. "An efficient algorithm to allocate shelf space," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 131(1), pages 107-118, May.
    7. Alain Bultez & Philippe Naert, 1988. "SH.A.R.P.: Shelf Allocation for Retailers' Profit," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 7(3), pages 211-231.
    8. A. Gürhan Kök & Marshall L. Fisher, 2007. "Demand Estimation and Assortment Optimization Under Substitution: Methodology and Application," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 55(6), pages 1001-1021, December.
    9. Hwang, Hark & Choi, Bum & Lee, Min-Jin, 2005. "A model for shelf space allocation and inventory control considering location and inventory level effects on demand," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 185-195, August.
    10. Andrew Lim & Brian Rodrigues & Xingwen Zhang, 2004. "Metaheuristics with Local Search Techniques for Retail Shelf-Space Optimization," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(1), pages 117-131, January.
    11. Evan E. Anderson & Henry N. Amato, 1974. "A Mathematical Model for Simultaneously Determining the Optimal Brand-Collection and Display-Area Allocation," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 22(1), pages 13-21, February.
    12. Marcel Corstjens & Peter Doyle, 1981. "A Model for Optimizing Retail Space Allocations," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 27(7), pages 822-833, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kakatkar, Chinmay & Spann, Martin, 2019. "Marketing analytics using anonymized and fragmented tracking data," International Journal of Research in Marketing, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 117-136.
    2. Hübner, Alexander & Schaal, Kai, 2017. "A shelf-space optimization model when demand is stochastic and space-elastic," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 139-154.
    3. Stelios Tsafarakis & Charalampos Saridakis & Nikolaos Matsatsinis & George Baltas, 2016. "Private labels and retail assortment planning: a differential evolution approach," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 247(2), pages 677-692, December.
    4. Alexander Hübner & Kai Schaal, 2017. "Effect of replenishment and backroom on retail shelf-space planning," Business Research, Springer;German Academic Association for Business Research, vol. 10(1), pages 123-156, June.
    5. Talebian, Masoud & Boland, Natashia & Savelsbergh, Martin, 2014. "Pricing to accelerate demand learning in dynamic assortment planning for perishable products," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 237(2), pages 555-565.
    6. Bianchi-Aguiar, Teresa & Silva, Elsa & Guimarães, Luis & Carravilla, Maria Antónia & Oliveira, José F., 2018. "Allocating products on shelves under merchandising rules: Multi-level product families with display directions," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 47-62.
    7. Flamand, Tulay & Ghoniem, Ahmed & Haouari, Mohamed & Maddah, Bacel, 2018. "Integrated assortment planning and store-wide shelf space allocation: An optimization-based approach," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 134-149.
    8. Teresa Bianchi-Aguiar & Elsa Silva & Luis Guimarães & Maria Antónia Carravilla & José F. Oliveira & João Günther Amaral & Jorge Liz & Sérgio Lapela, 2016. "Using Analytics to Enhance a Food Retailer’s Shelf-Space Management," Interfaces, INFORMS, vol. 46(5), pages 424-444, October.
    9. Mou, Shandong & Robb, David J. & DeHoratius, Nicole, 2018. "Retail store operations: Literature review and research directions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 265(2), pages 399-422.

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    Retailing; Shelf-space allocation; Optimization;


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