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Father Parental Leave Use in Spain: The Role of the Female Partner Labour Situation


  • Almudena Moreno-Mínguez

    (University of Valladolid, Spain)

  • à ngel L Martín-Román

    (University of Valladolid, Spain)

  • Alfonso Moral

    (University of Valladolid, Spain)


This article presents novel empirical evidence of fathers’ parental leave usage by introducing a family dimension in Spain. To test this hypothesis, a bivariate probit estimation was used to analyse the effect of the mother’s labour force participation on the father’s decision to take parental leave. This procedure allowed us to address the issue of simultaneous factors affecting the decisions of both the man and the woman, which were relevant to interpreting for the phenomenon. The results suggested that successfully using fathers’ paternity leave as a tool to promote gender equality depends on the family household’s characteristics and the woman’s connection to the job market. The bivariate probit estimation revealed that the effect of the woman’s decision on the man’s choice is much stronger than a naive regression would suggest.

Suggested Citation

  • Almudena Moreno-Mínguez & à ngel L Martín-Román & Alfonso Moral, 2023. "Father Parental Leave Use in Spain: The Role of the Female Partner Labour Situation," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 37(1), pages 293-305, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:woemps:v:37:y:2023:i:1:p:293-305
    DOI: 10.1177/09500170211062808

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ann-Zofie Duvander & Trude Lappegård & Synøve N. Andersen & Ólöf Garðarsdóttir & Gerda Neyer & Ida Viklund, 2019. "Parental leave policies and continued childbearing in Iceland, Norway, and Sweden," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 40(51), pages 1501-1528.
    2. Lorenzo Escot & José Fernández-Cornejo & Carlos Poza, 2014. "Fathers’ Use of Childbirth Leave in Spain. The Effects of the 13-Day Paternity Leave," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 33(3), pages 419-453, June.
    3. William Greene, 1998. "Gender Economics Courses in Liberal Arts Colleges: Comment," Working Papers 98-06, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    4. Stefanie Hoherz & Mark Bryan, 2020. "Provider or Father? British Men’s Work Hours and Work Hour Preferences after the Birth of a Child," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 34(2), pages 193-210, April.
    5. Almudena Moreno-Mínguez & Marta Ortega-Gaspar & Carlos Gamero-Burón, 2018. "A Socio-Structural Perspective on Family Model Preferences, Gender Roles and Work–Family Attitudes in Spain," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 8(1), pages 1-23, December.
    6. William H. Greene, 1998. "Gender Economics Courses in Liberal Arts Colleges: Further Results," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 291-300, January.
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