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Assessing the Effectiveness of Human Capital Investments on the Regional Unemployment Rate in the United States: 1990 and 2000

Author

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  • Adela Nistor

    (Brock University, St. Catharines adelanistor@alumni.purdue.edu)

Abstract

This article evaluates the effect of human capital investment—for example, expenditures on education, training, and employment—on regional unemployment rates in the United States. State-level unemployment rates are estimated using the spatial lag fixed effects model with spatial correlation of regional unemployment rates for 1990 and 2000. The results show that unemployment rates can be decreased by a policy of state-level human capital investment. A $100 per capita human capital investment in a state is expected to decrease the unemployment rate by 0.63 percent. Human capital investment has a negative impact on a state's unemployment as long as the yearly average state net migration rate is greater than −1.6 percent. A maximum of 1.6 percent of a state's population can out-migrate on average in a year for human capital expenditures to be associated with a decrease in the state's unemployment rate. If a state's net migration rate is less than −1.6 percent of its population, human capital expenditures have a positive effect on unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Adela Nistor, 2009. "Assessing the Effectiveness of Human Capital Investments on the Regional Unemployment Rate in the United States: 1990 and 2000," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 32(1), pages 65-91, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:inrsre:v:32:y:2009:i:1:p:65-91
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    Cited by:

    1. Holmes, Mark J. & Otero, Jesús & Panagiotidis, Theodore, 2013. "Modelling the behaviour of unemployment rates in the US over time and across space," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(22), pages 5711-5722.
    2. Torben Schmidt & Peter Jensen, 2013. "Foreign labor and regional labor markets: aggregate and disaggregate impact on growth and wages in Danish regions," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(3), pages 809-840, June.
    3. Thomas A. Garrett & Russell M. Rhine, 2011. "Economic freedom and employment growth in U.S. states," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jan, pages 1-18.
    4. John V. Winters, 2013. "Human capital externalities and employment differences across metropolitan areas of the USA," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 799-822, September.
    5. Katharina Pijnenburg & Konstantin A. Kholodilin, 2014. "Do Regions with Entrepreneurial Neighbours Perform Better? A Spatial Econometric Approach for German Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(5), pages 866-882, May.

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