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A Regional Analysis of Labour Force Participation Rates across the Member States of the European Union

Listed author(s):
  • J. Paul Elhorst

ELHORST J. P. (1996) A regional analysis of labour force participation rates across the member states of the European Union, Reg. Studies 30, 455-465. This study investigates the causes of variation in labour force participation rates in a regional Europe. Two participation rate equations are estimated, one for men and one for women, using annual data derived from Eurostat, 1983-1989. The explanatory variables are based on previous studies on the subject of the neoclassical formulation of the individual's labour supply function extended by the situation in which an individual who wishes to work cannot find a job and becomes involuntarily unemployed. The consistency of the parameter estimates to different estimation models is investigated. It turns out that heterogeneity between the member states of the EU is so important that it is almost impossible to find an overall regression equation for the whole EU. ELHORST J. P. (1996) Une analyse regionale des taux d'activite dans les pays membres de l'Union Europeenne, Reg. Studies 30, 455-465. Cette etude examine au niveau regional les causes de la variation des taux d'activite en Europe. A partir des donnees annuelles provenant de la serie Eurostat sur la periode de 1983 a 1989, on estime deux equations, l'une relative aux taux d'activite masculins, l'autre concernant les taux d'activite feminins. Les variables explicatives remontent aux etudes anterieures a ce sujet et a l'expression neoclassique de la fonction de l'offre du travail de l'individu qui est poussee plus loin pour comporter la situation ou un individu a la recherche d'emploi ne reussit pas a en trouver et est involontairement au chomage. On examine la coherence des estimations des parametres avec divers modeles d'estimation. La heterogeneite entre les pays membres de l'UE s'avere tellement importante qu'il est presque impossible de trouver une equation de regression globale relative a l'UE dans son ensemble. ELHORST J. P. (1996) Eine Regionalanalyse der Teilnehmerraten von Arbeitskraften in allen Mitgliedstaaten der Europaischen Union, Reg. Studies 30, 455-465. Diese Studie untersucht die Ursachen der Abweichungen in den Teilnehmerraten von Arbeitskraften in einem regional aufgefassten Europa. Es werden zwei Gleichungen der Teilnehmerraten berechnet, je eine fur Manner und eine fur Frauen, wobei jahrliche, von Eurostat abgeleitete Daten fur den Zeitraum 1983-1989 benutzt werden. Die erlauternden Variablen beruhen auf fruheren Untersuchungen dieses Gegenstandes und auf der neoklassischen Formulierung der Arbeitsplatz-funktion des Einzelnen, die auch die Situation des Arbeitswilligen, doch unfreiwillig Arbeitslosen miteinbezieht. Die Einheitlichkeit der Parameterberechnungen im Gegensatz zu verschiedenen Berechnungsmodellen wird untersucht. Es erweist sich, dass Gleichartigkeit der Mitgliedstaaten der EU so wichtig ist, dass es nahezu unmoglich ist, eine Gesamtregressionsgleichung fur die ganze Europaische Union aufzustellen.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 30 (1996)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 455-465

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:30:y:1996:i:5:p:455-465
DOI: 10.1080/00343409612331349778
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