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A Regional Analysis of Labour Force Participation Rates across the Member States of the European Union


  • J. Paul Elhorst


ELHORST J. P. (1996) A regional analysis of labour force participation rates across the member states of the European Union, Reg. Studies 30, 455-465. This study investigates the causes of variation in labour force participation rates in a regional Europe. Two participation rate equations are estimated, one for men and one for women, using annual data derived from Eurostat, 1983-1989. The explanatory variables are based on previous studies on the subject of the neoclassical formulation of the individual's labour supply function extended by the situation in which an individual who wishes to work cannot find a job and becomes involuntarily unemployed. The consistency of the parameter estimates to different estimation models is investigated. It turns out that heterogeneity between the member states of the EU is so important that it is almost impossible to find an overall regression equation for the whole EU. ELHORST J. P. (1996) Une analyse regionale des taux d'activite dans les pays membres de l'Union Europeenne, Reg. Studies 30, 455-465. Cette etude examine au niveau regional les causes de la variation des taux d'activite en Europe. A partir des donnees annuelles provenant de la serie Eurostat sur la periode de 1983 a 1989, on estime deux equations, l'une relative aux taux d'activite masculins, l'autre concernant les taux d'activite feminins. Les variables explicatives remontent aux etudes anterieures a ce sujet et a l'expression neoclassique de la fonction de l'offre du travail de l'individu qui est poussee plus loin pour comporter la situation ou un individu a la recherche d'emploi ne reussit pas a en trouver et est involontairement au chomage. On examine la coherence des estimations des parametres avec divers modeles d'estimation. La heterogeneite entre les pays membres de l'UE s'avere tellement importante qu'il est presque impossible de trouver une equation de regression globale relative a l'UE dans son ensemble. ELHORST J. P. (1996) Eine Regionalanalyse der Teilnehmerraten von Arbeitskraften in allen Mitgliedstaaten der Europaischen Union, Reg. Studies 30, 455-465. Diese Studie untersucht die Ursachen der Abweichungen in den Teilnehmerraten von Arbeitskraften in einem regional aufgefassten Europa. Es werden zwei Gleichungen der Teilnehmerraten berechnet, je eine fur Manner und eine fur Frauen, wobei jahrliche, von Eurostat abgeleitete Daten fur den Zeitraum 1983-1989 benutzt werden. Die erlauternden Variablen beruhen auf fruheren Untersuchungen dieses Gegenstandes und auf der neoklassischen Formulierung der Arbeitsplatz-funktion des Einzelnen, die auch die Situation des Arbeitswilligen, doch unfreiwillig Arbeitslosen miteinbezieht. Die Einheitlichkeit der Parameterberechnungen im Gegensatz zu verschiedenen Berechnungsmodellen wird untersucht. Es erweist sich, dass Gleichartigkeit der Mitgliedstaaten der EU so wichtig ist, dass es nahezu unmoglich ist, eine Gesamtregressionsgleichung fur die ganze Europaische Union aufzustellen.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Paul Elhorst, 1996. "A Regional Analysis of Labour Force Participation Rates across the Member States of the European Union," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(5), pages 455-465.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:30:y:1996:i:5:p:455-465
    DOI: 10.1080/00343409612331349778

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jacques Mairesse & Zvi Griliches, 1988. "Heterogeneity in Panel Data: Are There Stable Production Functions?," NBER Working Papers 2619, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ryan R. Brady, 2011. "Measuring the diffusion of housing prices across space and over time," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(2), pages 213-231, March.
    2. J. Paul Elhorst, 1998. "A note on the linear, logit and probit functional form of the labour force participation rate equation," ERSA conference papers ersa98p111, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Ryan Brady, 2013. "The Spatial Diffusion of Regional Housing Prices across U.S. States," Departmental Working Papers 45, United States Naval Academy Department of Economics.
    4. John Sutherland, 1999. "Further reflections on hidden unemployment: An examination of the off-flows from the claimant count in the North West of England," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 465-476.
    5. Brady, Ryan R., 2014. "The spatial diffusion of regional housing prices across U.S. states," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 150-166.
    6. Mohamed Amara & Wajih Khallouli & Faycel Zidi, 2018. "Gender Discrimination in the Tunisian Labor Market: The Youth Crisis," Working Papers 1263, Economic Research Forum, revised 07 Feb 2018.
    7. An Liu & Inge Noback, 2011. "Determinants of regional female labour market participation in the Netherlands," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(3), pages 641-658, December.


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