Inequality, SES, economic indicators, and student achievement
HLM model fit was used to determine the relationship of the country level economic variables of GDP and the GINI Index to 2012 student PISA reading, math, and science achievement, along with individual SES, country SES mean, and country SES inequality. For all achievement areas the complete model of all variables represented the best fit. The significant predictors in the models were country SES inequality and student SES. This suggested a less direct relationship to achievement for the economic indicators of GDP and GINI, and demonstrated the significance of SES inequality related to student achievement.
Volume (Year): 9 (2015)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
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