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Mobilité internationale des facteurs de production en situation de chômage et de libre-échange

Listed author(s):
  • Tremblay, Rodrigue

    (Université de Montréal)

This paper surveys theoretical and empirical studies on the possible effects of the international mobility of factors of production. Results from the basic model are established when full employment and complete market-clearing prevail. Results of various analyses are identified when unemployment prevails. In this case, it does not follow that uncontrolled mobility of factors of production results in a net gain, neither for the host country nor for the world economy. Empirical research studies offer general support, especially since 1980, in the United States and since 1978, in Canada, to the conclusions of theoretical analyses, when the full employment assumption is relaxed. Cet article fait un recensement des analyses théoriques et empiriques concernant les effets possibles de la mobilité internationale des facteurs de production. Les résultats et les recommandations du modèle de base sont établis quand prévalent le plein-emploi et l’ajustement complet des marchés. Les résultats des diverses analyses, dans un contexte de chômage structurel, sont ensuite identifiés. Dans ce dernier cas, il n’est plus établi que la mobilité incontrôlée des facteurs de production résulte en un gain net, ni pour le pays d’accueil, ni pour l’économie mondiale. Les vérifications empiriques, surtout depuis 1980 aux États-Unis et depuis 1978 au Canada, tendent à confirmer les analyses théoriques qui s’éloignent du postulat de plein-emploi.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 74 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
Pages: 245-271

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:2:p:245-271
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