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Mobilité internationale des facteurs de production en situation de chômage et de libre-échange

  • Tremblay, Rodrigue

    (Université de Montréal)

This paper surveys theoretical and empirical studies on the possible effects of the international mobility of factors of production. Results from the basic model are established when full employment and complete market-clearing prevail. Results of various analyses are identified when unemployment prevails. In this case, it does not follow that uncontrolled mobility of factors of production results in a net gain, neither for the host country nor for the world economy. Empirical research studies offer general support, especially since 1980, in the United States and since 1978, in Canada, to the conclusions of theoretical analyses, when the full employment assumption is relaxed. Cet article fait un recensement des analyses théoriques et empiriques concernant les effets possibles de la mobilité internationale des facteurs de production. Les résultats et les recommandations du modèle de base sont établis quand prévalent le plein-emploi et l’ajustement complet des marchés. Les résultats des diverses analyses, dans un contexte de chômage structurel, sont ensuite identifiés. Dans ce dernier cas, il n’est plus établi que la mobilité incontrôlée des facteurs de production résulte en un gain net, ni pour le pays d’accueil, ni pour l’économie mondiale. Les vérifications empiriques, surtout depuis 1980 aux États-Unis et depuis 1978 au Canada, tendent à confirmer les analyses théoriques qui s’éloignent du postulat de plein-emploi.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 74 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
Pages: 245-271

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:2:p:245-271
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  1. Elise S. Brezis & Paul Krugman, 1993. "Immigration, Investment and Real Wages," NBER Working Papers 4563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Ruffin, Roy J., 1984. "International factor movements," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 5, pages 237-288 Elsevier.
  3. Jones, Ronald W., 1984. "Protection and the harmful effects of endogenous capital flows," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 325-330.
  4. Jones, Ronald W. & Coelho, Isaias & Easton, Stephen T., 1986. "The theory of international factor flows: The basic model," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(3-4), pages 313-327, May.
  5. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, January.
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  8. Webb, L Roy, 1970. "International Factor Movement and the National Advantage: A Comment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 37(145), pages 81-84, February.
  9. David E. Bloom & Gilles Grenier & Morley Gunderson, 1995. "The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 987-1005, November.
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  11. Rachel M. Friedberg & Jennifer Hunt, 1995. "The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 23-44, Spring.
  12. Bhagwati, Jagdish N. & Srinivasan, T. N., 1983. "On the choice between capital and labour mobility," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3-4), pages 209-221, May.
  13. George J. Borjas, 1991. "National Origin and the Skills of Immigrants in the Postwar Period," NBER Working Papers 3575, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1996. "Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 5454, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  16. Marr, William L. & Siklos, Pierre L., 1994. "The link between immigration and unemployment in Canada," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-25, February.
  17. Brecher, Richard A. & Choudhri, Ehsan U., 1987. "International migration versus foreign investment in the presence of unemployment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3-4), pages 329-342, November.
  18. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
  19. Gary Burtless, 1995. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 800-816, June.
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