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Mobilité internationale des facteurs de production en situation de chômage et de libre-échange

  • Tremblay, Rodrigue

    (Université de Montréal)

This paper surveys theoretical and empirical studies on the possible effects of the international mobility of factors of production. Results from the basic model are established when full employment and complete market-clearing prevail. Results of various analyses are identified when unemployment prevails. In this case, it does not follow that uncontrolled mobility of factors of production results in a net gain, neither for the host country nor for the world economy. Empirical research studies offer general support, especially since 1980, in the United States and since 1978, in Canada, to the conclusions of theoretical analyses, when the full employment assumption is relaxed. Cet article fait un recensement des analyses théoriques et empiriques concernant les effets possibles de la mobilité internationale des facteurs de production. Les résultats et les recommandations du modèle de base sont établis quand prévalent le plein-emploi et l’ajustement complet des marchés. Les résultats des diverses analyses, dans un contexte de chômage structurel, sont ensuite identifiés. Dans ce dernier cas, il n’est plus établi que la mobilité incontrôlée des facteurs de production résulte en un gain net, ni pour le pays d’accueil, ni pour l’économie mondiale. Les vérifications empiriques, surtout depuis 1980 aux États-Unis et depuis 1978 au Canada, tendent à confirmer les analyses théoriques qui s’éloignent du postulat de plein-emploi.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 74 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
Pages: 245-271

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:2:p:245-271
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  2. Wright, Robert E & Maxim, Paul S, 1993. "Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality: Empirical Evidence from Canada," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 337-52, November.
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  8. Bloom, D. & Grenier, G. & Gunderson, M., 1993. "The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants," Working Papers 9305e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  9. Elise S. Brezis & Paul Krugman, 1993. "Immigration, Investment and Real Wages," NBER Working Papers 4563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. George J. Borjas, 1992. "National Origin and the Skills of Immigrants in the Postwar Period," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration and the Workforce: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas, pages 17-48 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Gary Burtless, 1995. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 800-816, June.
  12. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-41, November.
  13. Jones, Ronald W., 1984. "Protection and the harmful effects of endogenous capital flows," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 325-330.
  14. Marr, William L. & Siklos, Pierre L., 1994. "The link between immigration and unemployment in Canada," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-25, February.
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  16. Ruffin, Roy J., 1984. "International factor movements," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 5, pages 237-288 Elsevier.
  17. Bhagwati, Jagdish N. & Srinivasan, T. N., 1983. "On the choice between capital and labour mobility," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3-4), pages 209-221, May.
  18. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
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  21. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, October.
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