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Les déterminants des entrées de capitaux en Asie : quel rôle pour les stratégies de carry trade?


  • Brana, Sophie

    (LARE-efi, Université Montesquieu- Bordeaux IV)

  • Lahet, Delphine

    (LARE-efi, Université Montesquieu- Bordeaux IV)


Determinants of Capital Inflows into Asia: What about Carry Trade Strategies? One of the factors explaining the capital inflows in Asia between 2003 and 2007 is the carry trade strategies with the yen as the funding currency. The aim of this article is to evaluate the impact of domestic and international determinants, to compare the pre and post-1997 crisis period, and to test the interest spread as a factor explaining net capital inflows in Thailand and in Asia, among other determinants as global liquidity and some indicators of risk aversion. The econometric tests show that, on the pre-1997 crisis period, internal factors are significant as pull factors. On the recent period, internal factors are no more significant, whereas the interest spread between Asia and Japan becomes significant. So, carry trade strategies with the yen as funding currency seem to be a strong determinant of the capital inflows in Asia since 2003. No other carry trade strategy is significant. Résumé : Le retour massif des capitaux dans les pays asiatiques, de 2003 à 2007, a rappelé la situation d’avant la crise financière de 1997. L’une des explications avancées est l’abondance de la liquidité mondiale ainsi que le niveau élevé des positions de carry trade, notamment avec le yen comme monnaie de financement. Cet article étudie les déterminants des entrées de capitaux en Thaïlande, puis sur un groupe de quatre économies asiatiques, entre 1990 et 2007, en prenant en compte explicitement le comportement des investisseurs internationaux, à travers les stratégies de carry trade et des indicateurs d’appétit pour le risque. Nous montrons que, si, sur la période de précrise de 1997, les entrées de capitaux sont fortement expliquées par l’évolution des fondamentaux des émergents d’Asie, sur la période récente, elles ont été motivées par la recherche de rendements élevés, dans un contexte de surliquidité mondiale. Ainsi, le retour des capitaux en Asie serait bien expliqué par les stratégies de carry trade avec le yen comme monnaie de financement. Les stratégies alternatives de carry trade ne sont pas apparues significatives.

Suggested Citation

  • Brana, Sophie & Lahet, Delphine, 2009. "Les déterminants des entrées de capitaux en Asie : quel rôle pour les stratégies de carry trade?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 85(3), pages 283-302, septembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:0019

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chuhan, Punam & Claessens, Stijn & Mamingi, Nlandu, 1998. "Equity and bond flows to Latin America and Asia: the role of global and country factors," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 439-463, April.
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    6. Özatay, Fatih & Özmen, Erdal & Sahinbeyoglu, Gülbin, 2009. "Emerging market sovereign spreads, global financial conditions and U.S. macroeconomic news," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 526-531, March.
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