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The Monetary Transmission Mechanism

Author

Listed:
  • Jess Benhabib

    (New York University)

  • Roger E.A. Farmer

    (European University Institute and UCLA)

Abstract

Recent literature on structural vector autoregressions has attempted to identify the effects on the economy of an increase in the stock of money. This work has led to a broad concensus. Initially, an increase in money leads to an increase in economic activity. Output and employment go up, the interest rate declines and prices respond weakly, if at all. Over time, these real effects die out and, in the long run, the only effect of higher money is higher prices. Most writers on the topic have attributed the real effects of money, in the short run, to a barrier of some kind that prevents markets from clearing. We show instead that a competitive market-clearing model in which money enters the production function can reproduce the broad features of data. Our argument exploits the existence of multiple equilibria in a rational-expectations model. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Suggested Citation

  • Jess Benhabib & Roger E.A. Farmer, 2000. "The Monetary Transmission Mechanism," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 3(3), pages 523-550, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:3:y:2000:i:3:p:523-550
    DOI: 10.1006/redy.2000.0100
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    sunspots; indeterminacy; business fluctuations;

    JEL classification:

    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General
    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates

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