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Brain Drain and Economic Growth: A Critical Review

  • Simona Monteleone

Does the brain drain have negative or positive effect on the development and growth of those left behind? This paper shows the empirical and theoretical relevance of the phenomenon and reviews both the traditional literature and recent contributions on the effects of the brain drain. The first generation models considered the brain drain harmful for the country of origin, underlining effects on wages, employment and growth, whilst the more recent literature shows positive effects on the population and holds that the brain drain increases the accumulation of human capital, as major driver of economic growth. Return migration boosts the positive effects of the brain drain.

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Article provided by Associazione Rossi Doria in its journal QA.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:rar:journl:0205
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  1. George J. Borjas & Bernt Bratsberg, 1994. "Who Leaves? The Outmigration of the Foreign-Born," NBER Working Papers 4913, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Miyagiwa, Kaz, 1991. "Scale Economies in Education and the Brain Drain Problem," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(3), pages 743-59, August.
  3. John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2009. "The Microeconomic Determinants of Emigration and Return Migration of the Best and Brightest: Evidence from the Pacific," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0903, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  4. Satish Chand & Michael A. Clemens, 2008. "Skilled emigration and skill creation: A quasi-experiment," International and Development Economics Working Papers idec08-05, International and Development Economics.
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  7. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
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  9. Sebastian Gundel & Heiko Peters, 2008. "What determines the duration of stay of immigrants in Germany?: Evidence from a longitudinal duration analysis," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(11), pages 769-782, October.
  10. Mountford, Andrew, 1997. "Can a brain drain be good for growth in the source economy?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 287-303, August.
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  12. Karin Mayr & Giovanni Peri, 2008. "Return Migration as Channel of Brain Gain," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0804, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  13. Piras R., 2005. "Un'analisi dei flussi migratori interregionali dei laureati: 1980-1999," Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 129-162.
  14. Piras Romano, 2005. "Il contenuto di capitale umano dei flussi migratori interregionali: 1980-2002," Politica economica - Journal of Economic Policy (PEJEP), Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 461.
  15. Sascha O. Becker & Andrea Ichino & Giovanni Peri, 2003. "How Large is the "Brain Drain" from Italy?," CESifo Working Paper Series 839, CESifo Group Munich.
  16. Hamada, Koichi & Bhagwati, Jagdish, 1975. "Domestic distortions, imperfect information and the brain drain," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 265-279, September.
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