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Le difficile retour en emploi des seniors

  • Pierre Cahuc

[fre] Pierre Cahuc Le difficile retour en emploi des seniors. En France, plusieurs dispositifs publics sont défavorables à l'emploi des seniors. Pourtant, il est urgent d'accroître leur emploi dans un contexte où leur retrait de l'activité joue en défaveur du maintien en emploi de leurs cadets, contrairement à une opinion fréquemment admise. Un tel objectif peut être atteint par une réforme coordonnée qui créé des incitations améliorant l'employabilité des seniors. Cette réforme devrait s'articuler autour des principes suivants : accroître les gains financiers liés à l'activité pour les plus de 60 ans en favorisant notamment la neutralité actuarielle des retraites ; substituer une activation des dépenses passives pour les 55-60 ans à l'usage immodéré des retraits anticipés d'activité ; modifier les dispositifs qui limitent l'embauche et favorisent les licenciements des seniors. L'application de ces principes devrait améliorer l'insertion dans l'emploi et le rendement de la formation professionnelle des seniors. [eng] The Difficult Come Back of Elderly Workers into Employment. The low employment rate of senior workers in France is mainly the consequence of pension systems and the management of non employment before retirement that create strong incentives to retire early. In this paper, it is argued that the employment of senior workers has to be increased in order to favor the employment of younger workers, contrarily to an opinion that is currently expressed in France, according to which the retirement of senior workers favors the employment of younger workers. This aim can be achieved thanks to a reform that is coordinated and that creates incentives for the firms and the workers. Such incentives rely on : changes in the pension system towards more actuarial neutrality ; activation of passive employment expenditure ; changes in the réglementations that limit the hiring of senior workers and that favor their layoffs.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/rfeco.2005.1564
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1564
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 20 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 3-56

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1564
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2005.1564
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/rfeco

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  7. Adams, Scott J., 2004. "Age discrimination legislation and the employment of older workers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 219-241, April.
  8. Haegeland, T. & Klette, T.J., 1998. "Do Higher Wages Reflect Higher Productivity? Education, Gender and Experience Premiums in a Matched Plant-Worker Data Set," Memorandum 24/1998, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  9. Aubert Patrick & Caroli Eve & Roger Muriel, 2005. "New Technologies, Workplace Organisation and the Age Structure of the Workforce: Firm-Level Evidence," Research Unit Working Papers 0505, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  10. Jonathan Gruber & David Wise, 2001. "An International Perspective on Policies for an Aging Society," NBER Working Papers 8103, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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