IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Le difficile retour en emploi des seniors


  • Pierre Cahuc


[fre] Pierre Cahuc Le difficile retour en emploi des seniors. En France, plusieurs dispositifs publics sont défavorables à l'emploi des seniors. Pourtant, il est urgent d'accroître leur emploi dans un contexte où leur retrait de l'activité joue en défaveur du maintien en emploi de leurs cadets, contrairement à une opinion fréquemment admise. Un tel objectif peut être atteint par une réforme coordonnée qui créé des incitations améliorant l'employabilité des seniors. Cette réforme devrait s'articuler autour des principes suivants : accroître les gains financiers liés à l'activité pour les plus de 60 ans en favorisant notamment la neutralité actuarielle des retraites ; substituer une activation des dépenses passives pour les 55-60 ans à l'usage immodéré des retraits anticipés d'activité ; modifier les dispositifs qui limitent l'embauche et favorisent les licenciements des seniors. L'application de ces principes devrait améliorer l'insertion dans l'emploi et le rendement de la formation professionnelle des seniors. [eng] The Difficult Come Back of Elderly Workers into Employment. The low employment rate of senior workers in France is mainly the consequence of pension systems and the management of non employment before retirement that create strong incentives to retire early. In this paper, it is argued that the employment of senior workers has to be increased in order to favor the employment of younger workers, contrarily to an opinion that is currently expressed in France, according to which the retirement of senior workers favors the employment of younger workers. This aim can be achieved thanks to a reform that is coordinated and that creates incentives for the firms and the workers. Such incentives rely on : changes in the pension system towards more actuarial neutrality ; activation of passive employment expenditure ; changes in the réglementations that limit the hiring of senior workers and that favor their layoffs.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Cahuc, 2005. "Le difficile retour en emploi des seniors," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 20(1), pages 3-56.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1564
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2005.1564

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 1995. "The Wage Curve," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026202375x, January.
    2. Aubert Patrick & Caroli Eve & Roger Muriel, 2005. "New Technologies, Workplace Organisation and the Age Structure of the Workforce: Firm-Level Evidence," Research Unit Working Papers 0505, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
    3. Jonathan Gruber & David Wise, 2001. "An International Perspective on Policies for an Aging Society," NBER Working Papers 8103, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Lumsdaine, Robin L. & Mitchell, Olivia S., 1999. "New developments in the economic analysis of retirement," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 49, pages 3261-3307 Elsevier.
    5. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew Oswald, 1995. "International Wage Curves," NBER Chapters,in: Differences and Changes in Wage Structures, pages 145-174 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 1995. "An Introduction to the Wage Curve," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 153-167, Summer.
    7. Leora Friedberg & Anthony Webb, 2005. "Retirement and the Evolution of Pension Structure," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 40(2).
    8. Lazear, Edward P, 1979. "Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1261-1284, December.
    9. Adams, Scott J., 2004. "Age discrimination legislation and the employment of older workers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 219-241, April.
    10. Heckman, James J, 1976. "A Life-Cycle Model of Earnings, Learning, and Consumption," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 11-44, August.
    11. Chiaki Moriguchi, 2003. "Did American Welfare Capitalists Breach their Implicit Contracts? Preliminary Findings from Company-level Data, 1920-1940," NBER Working Papers 9868, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Yoram Ben-Porath, 1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 352-352.
    13. Torbjørn Hægeland & Tor Jakob Klette, 1997. "Do Higher Wages Reflect Higher Productivity? Education, Gender and Experience Premiums in a Matched Plant-Worker Data Set," Discussion Papers 208, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Laetitia Challe & Florent Fremigacci & François Langot & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2015. "Access To Employment With Age And Gender: Results Of A Controlled Experiment," Working Papers hal-01292137, HAL.
    2. Élise Coudin, 2007. "Projections de population active à l'horizon 2050 : des actifs en nombre stable pour une population âgée toujours plus nombreuse," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 408(1), pages 113-136.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1564. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.