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Survol des contributions theoriques et empiriques liees au capital humain

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  • Parent, D.

Abstract

In this essay, I provide an extensive review of the theoretical and empirical contributions pertaining to human capital. The first part follows the development of the theory with special emphasis, naturally, on Becker's path-breaking work (JPE '62 and Woytinski Lecture '67). We then review the work of Mincer (JPE '58 and '62, NBER '74) who, more than anybody else, contributed to the empirical implementation of the theoretical concepts. We follow with a review of the more recent theoretical (e.g. matching and agency models) and empirical developments. The empirical section surveys the papers which have made use of direct and indirect measures of human capital. In the former case, human capital accumulation is proxied by the number of weeks spent in training while in the latter case, it is measured by the number of years on the labor market and the number of years with the current employer. Dans cette étude, nous passons en revue de façon exhaustive les développements majeurs en commençant, comme il se doit, par la contribution fondamentale de Becker (JPE '62 et Woytinski Lecture '67). Nous portons ensuite notre attention sur les travaux de Mincer (JPE '58, '62 et NBER '74) qui, plus que quiconque, contribua à l’application pratique des concepts théoriques. Tout naturellement, l’accent est mis sur le développement de « sa » fonction de gains quoique nous soulignions aussi la compréhension précoce par Mincer des problèmes d’hétérogénéité individuelle. Nous enchaînons ensuite avec les développements plus récents tant du point de vue théorique (matching, modèle de paiements retardés de Lazear), que du point de vue empirique. À cet égard, nous examinons à la fois les contributions ayant fait usage des mesures directes d’accumulation du capital humain (e.g. nombre de semaines passées en formation) ainsi que celles n’ayant à leur disposition que les mesures indirectes habituelles (expérience, ancienneté).
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this it
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Parent, D., 1995. "Survol des contributions theoriques et empiriques liees au capital humain," Cahiers de recherche 9506, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtl:montec:9506
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    1. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1984. "Matching, Turnover, and Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(1), pages 108-122, February.
    2. Meyer, Bruce D, 1990. "Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 757-782, July.
    3. Ann P. Bartel, 1992. "Training, Wage Growth and Job Performance: Evidence From a Company Database," NBER Working Papers 4027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. James L. Medoff & Katharine G. Abraham, 1981. "Are Those Paid More Really More Productive? The Case of Experience," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 16(2), pages 186-216.
    5. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
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    14. Lorne Carmichael, 1983. "Firm-Specific Human Capital and Promotion Ladders," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 14(1), pages 251-258, Spring.
    15. Lazear, Edward P, 1979. "Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1261-1284, December.
    16. Lynch, Lisa M, 1992. "Private-Sector Training and the Earnings of Young Workers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 299-312, March.
    17. Heckman, James J, 1976. "A Life-Cycle Model of Earnings, Learning, and Consumption," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 11-44, August.
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    20. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281-281.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Makdissi & Cyril Téjédo, 2000. "Problèmes d’appariement et politique de l’emploi," Cahiers de recherche 00-04, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    2. Pesaran, M.H. & Ruge-Murcia, F.J., 1995. "A Discrete-Time Version of Target Zone Models with Jumps," Cahiers de recherche 9530, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CAPITAL HUMAIN; SALAIRES;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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