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Économies d’agglomération à l’exportation et difficulté d’accès aux marchés

Listed author(s):
  • Pamina Koenig
  • Florian Mayneris
  • Sandra Poncet

La littérature empirique du commerce international souligne l'existence d'économies d'agglomération à l'exportation. Elle met en évidence l'impact positif de la présence d'autres exportateurs au niveau local sur la probabilité qu'une firme commence à exporter vers un pays donné. Nous explorons ce résultat en étudiant la nature de ces effets en fonction de caractéristiques hétérogènes des firmes exportatrices et de variables mesurant la difficulté d'accès aux pays importateurs : temps et nombre de documents nécessaires à l'importation dans le pays de destination, demande pondérée, et mesure du risque économique et global dans le pays. Nos résultats suggèrent que l'impact des externalités à l'exportation ne diffère pas significativement selon les performances des entreprises. Une augmentation du nombre de voisins exportateurs a par contre davantage d'impact sur la probabilité qu'une firme commence à exporter lorsque le pays de destination est difficile d'accès. Un voisin supplémentaire exportant un produit vers un pays donné augmente par exemple la probabilité qu'une firme commence à exporter ce même produit vers ce même pays de 1,95 point de pourcentage lorsqu'il s'agit d'un pays où les formalités en termes de documents sont plus lourdes que la moyenne, et de 0,69 point lorsque ces formalités sont plus légères que la moyenne. Nos résultats sont robustes à divers sous-échantillons et pour l'ensemble de nos mesures de difficulté d'accès. Ils suggèrent que les démarches collectives et le partage d'expérience encouragés par les pouvoirs publics ces dernières années sont d'autant plus importants que les entreprises souhaitent se lancer à la conquête de marchés difficiles.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.2010.9579
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/estat_0336-1454_2010_num_435_1_9579
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 435 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 85-103

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2010_num_435_1_9579
Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2010.9579
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/estat

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  1. Koenig, Pamina, 2009. "Agglomeration and the export decisions of French firms," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 186-195, November.
  2. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
  3. Zvi Griliches & Jacques Mairesse, 1995. "Production Functions: The Search for Identification," NBER Working Papers 5067, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Martin, Philippe & Mayer, Thierry & Mayneris, Florian, 2011. "Spatial concentration and plant-level productivity in France," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 182-195, March.
  5. Salvador Barrios & Holger Goerg & Eric Strobl, 2003. "Explaining Firms' Export Behaviour: R&D, Spillovers and the Destination Market," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(4), pages 475-496, 09.
  6. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 2001. "Overseas Investment and Firm Exports," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(1), pages 108-122, February.
  7. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 170-192, March.
  8. Richard Kneller & Mauro Pisu, 2007. "Industrial Linkages and Export Spillovers from FDI," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 105-134, 01.
  9. Train,Kenneth E., 2009. "Discrete Choice Methods with Simulation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521766555, September.
  10. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Magnac, Thierry & Robin, Jean-Marc, 2004. "The dynamics of local employment in France," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 217-243, September.
  11. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2008. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(1), pages 295-316.
  12. Redding, Stephen & Venables, Anthony J., 2004. "Economic geography and international inequality," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 53-82, January.
  13. Koenig, Pamina & Mayneris, Florian & Poncet, Sandra, 2010. "Local export spillovers in France," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 622-641, May.
  14. Sebastian Krautheim, 2007. "Gravity and Information: Heterogeneous Firms, Exporter Networks and the 'Distance Puzzle'," Economics Working Papers ECO2007/51, European University Institute.
  15. Greenaway, David & Sousa, Nuno & Wakelin, Katharine, 2004. "Do domestic firms learn to export from multinationals?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 1027-1043, November.
  16. Moulton, Brent R, 1990. "An Illustration of a Pitfall in Estimating the Effects of Aggregate Variables on Micro Unit," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(2), pages 334-338, May.
  17. James E. Rauch, 2001. "Business and Social Networks in International Trade," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1177-1203, December.
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