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Choix d’éducation et composition par sexe de la fratrie

  • Christine Barnet-Verzat
  • François-Charles Wolff

[fre] Cet article étudie l’effet de la composition par sexe des fratries sur les dépenses d’investissement en capital humain réalisées par les parents, une variable susceptible d’engendrer des conflits familiaux non-désirés entre les enfants quant à l’allocation des ressources parentales. L’analyse de deux sources statistiques où l’on s’intéresse à la fois aux déterminants du niveau scolaire et des dépenses d’éducation en France révèle que les filles avec des frères reçoivent moins de ressources que celles avec des soeurs dans les familles riches, alors qu’il est équivalent pour les garçons d’avoir des frères ou des soeurs. [eng] This article examines the impact of the gender composition of sibships on the investment in human capital made by parents, a variable that is liable to generate undesirable family conflicts between children regarding the allocation of parental resources. Analysis of two statistical sources relating to the determinants of school attainment levels and spending on education in France shows that girls having brothers receive less resources than girls having sisters in rich families, whereas having brothers or sisters is equivalent in the case of boys.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 157 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 97-118

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2003_num_157_1_6895
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2003.6895
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Seidl, Christian, 1995. "The Desire for a Son Is the Father of Many Daughters: A Sex Ratio Paradox," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 185-203, May.
  2. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts et redistribution familiale collective," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 143-162.
  3. Lena Edlund, 1999. "Son Preference, Sex Rations, and Marriage Patterns," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(6), pages 1275-1304, December.
  4. Jonathan Morduch, 2000. "Sibling Rivalry in Africa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 405-409, May.
  5. William Parish & Robert J. Willis, . "Daughters, Education and Family Budgets: Taiwan Experiences," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 92-8a, Chicago - Population Research Center.
  6. Bauer, Thomas K. & Gang, Ira N., 2000. "Sibling Rivalry in Educational Attainment: The German Case," IZA Discussion Papers 180, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Robert M. Hauser & Hsiang-Hui Daphne Kuo, 1998. "Does the Gender Composition of Sibships Affect Women's Educational Attainment?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(3), pages 644-657.
  8. Elaina Rose, 1999. "Consumption Smoothing and Excess Female Mortality in Rural India," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 81(1), pages 41-49, February.
  9. Pierre Pestieau & André Masson, 1991. "Types et modèles d'héritage et leurs implications," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(4), pages 31-71.
  10. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1998. "Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts," NBER Working Papers 6385, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Menchik, Paul L & David, Martin, 1983. "Income Distribution, Lifetime Savings, and Bequests," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(4), pages 672-90, September.
  13. Butcher, Kristin F & Case, Anne, 1994. "The Effect of Sibling Sex Composition on Women's Education and Earnings," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(3), pages 531-63, August.
  14. James B. Davies & Junsen Zhang, 1997. "The effects of gender control on fertility and children`s consumption," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 67-85.
  15. Behrman, Jere R. & Pollak, Robert A. & Taubman, Paul, 1995. "From Parent to Child," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226041568.
  16. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1998. "Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts of American Males," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(2), pages 262-333, April.
  17. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  18. Harmon, Colm & Walker, Ian, 2000. "The Returns to the Quantity and Quality of Education: Evidence for Men in England and Wales," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 67(265), pages 19-35, February.
  19. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-89, December.
  20. Deaton, Angus S, 1989. "Looking for Boy-Girl Discrimination in Household Expenditure Data," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 3(1), pages 1-15, January.
  21. Jean-Pierre Jarousse & Marie Duru-Bellat, 1996. "Le masculin et le féminin dans les modèles éducatifs des parents," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 293(1), pages 77-93.
  22. John Ermisch & Marco Francesconi, 2000. "Educational Choice, Families, and Young People's Earnings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(1), pages 143-176.
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