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Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité

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  • Marc Fleurbaey
  • Cyrille Hagneré
  • Michel Martinez
  • Alain Trannoy

Abstract

[fre] Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité par Marc Fleurbaey, Cyrille Hagneré, Michel Martinez et Alain Trannoy Cet article propose une grille de lecture d'un système de transferts à partir de la notion de responsabilité individuelle : si le montant d'une aide quelconque est indépendant des caractéristiques individuelles des bénéficiaires, ces derniers sont implicitement tenus pour responsables de ces caractéristiques. Après l'exposé du cadre théorique, nous passons en revue l'ensemble des aides destinées aux personnes défavorisées, en examinant successivement la prise en compte de caractéristiques socio-démographiques, et celles des revenus d'activité. Cette approche se révèle utile, en particuUer, pour mettre en lumière des hypothèses implicites un peu bizarres quant aux normes de comportement en matières d'aides inter-individuelles. Un traitement avantageux des familles monoparentales bien que mal adapté semble également émerger. D ' autre part, la prise en compte de la structure dynamique des versements des allocations permet de montrer que la réforme Aubry des minima sociaux a eu un effet non négligeable dans la diminution des trappes à inactivité. [eng] Income Support in France: Between Compensation and Responsibility by Marc Fleurbaey, Cyrille Hagneré, Michel Martinez and Alain Trannoy This paper suggests a reading grid for a system of transfers based on the notion of individual responsibility: if the sum of a given benefit is independent of the individual characteristics of the recipients, these recipients are implicitly taken to be responsible for these characteristics. We first present the theoretical framework and then review all the benefits for underprivileged individuals, studying how socio-demographic and earned-income characteristics are taken into account. This approach is useful, in particular, to bring to light slightly unusual implicit assumptions as regards inter-individual assistance behavioural norms. A favourable, albeit poorly suited, treatment of lone-parent families also emerges. Moreover, consideration of the dynamic structure of benefit payments shows that the Aubry reform of income support (i.e.Specific Solidarity Allowance[ASS],Integration Allowance [AI],Minimum Integration Income [RMI], Single Parent Allowance [API] and Widow's Benefit) has had a not-inconsiderable effect on the decrease in unemployment traps.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Fleurbaey & Cyrille Hagneré & Michel Martinez & Alain Trannoy, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 1-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1999_num_138_2_5957 Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1999.5957
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Erik Schokkaert, 1999. "M. Tout-le-monde est "post-welfariste". Opinions sur la justice redistributive," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(4), pages 811-831.
    2. Yannick L'Horty & Antoine Parent & Jean-Claude Berthlemy, 1999. "La revalorisation du RMI," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(3), pages 465-478.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marc Fleurbaey, 2003. "Social Welfare, Priority to the Worst-Off And the Dimensions of Individual Well-Being," IDEP Working Papers 0312, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France.
    2. François Legendre & Jean-Paul Lorgnet & Florence Thibault, 2003. "La distribution des incitations financières au travail en France : l'évaluation du modèle Myriade," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 23-48.
    3. Karine Van der Straeten & Alain Trannoy & Nathalie Picard & Cyrille Hagneré, 2003. "L’importance des incitations financières dans l’obtention d’un emploi est-elle surestimée ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, pages 49-78.
    4. Philippe Mongin, 2002. "Is there progress in normative economics?," Chapters,in: Is There Progress in Economics?, chapter 10 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Cyrille Hagneré & Alain Trannoy, 2001. "L'impact conjugué de trois ans de réforme sur les trappes à inactivité," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 161-185.
    6. François Maniquet, 2004. "On the equivalence between welfarism and equality of opportunity," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 23(1), pages 127-147, August.
    7. Laslier, Jean-Francois & Trannoy, Alain & Van Der Straeten, Karine, 2003. "Voting under ignorance of job skills of unemployed: the overtaxation bias," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 595-626.

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