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El gasto en defensa, justicia y seguridad

Author

Listed:
  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    () (Banco de la República)

  • Francisco González

    (Departamento Nacional de Planeación)

Abstract

The criminality rate in Colombia (crime/population) grew rapidly between the middle seventies and eighties, since then it had shown a declination, but the country still observes high indices of criminality, mostly in homicides and kidnapping. In a similar way defense, security and justice spending have grown. This paper will present some reasons that explain, from an economic point of view, the growth of these spending, the conditions that make it increase or decrease in an optimal way and which establish a complementary relation (marginal) between the magnitude and the efficiency of these spending.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Esteban Posada & Francisco González, 2000. "El gasto en defensa, justicia y seguridad," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 2(2), pages 53-75, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:2:y:2000:i:2:p:53-75
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/cposada2.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Juán Carlos Echeverry & Zeinab Partow, 1998. "Why Justice is unresponsive to crime: The Case of Cocaine in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 087, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Armando Montenegro & Carlos Esteban Posada, 1995. "Criminalidad en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, March.
    3. Lapan, Harvey E & Sandler, Todd, 1988. "To Bargain or Not to Bargain: That Is the Question," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 16-21, May.
    4. Gaviria, Alejandro, 2000. "Increasing returns and the evolution of violent crime: the case of Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 1-25, February.
    5. Giha Tobar, Yaneth & Riveros Reyes, Héctor & Soto Velasco, Andrés, 1999. "El gasto militar en Colombia: aspectos macroeconómicos y microeconómicos," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    6. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-565, May-June.
    7. Francisco González & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2001. "Criminalidad, violencia y gasto público en defensa, justicia y seguridad en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 3(4), pages 78-102, January-J.
    8. Jorge E. Ramos F. & Daira P. Garrido T., 1996. "Gasto Estatal Y Administración De Justicia En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002754, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Mejía & Carlos Posada, 2003. "Capital Destruction, Optimal Defense and Economic Growth," Borradores de Economia 257, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Francisco González & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2001. "Criminalidad, violencia y gasto público en defensa, justicia y seguridad en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 3(4), pages 78-102, January-J.
    3. Mamadou Camara & Pierre Salama, 2004. "Homicidios en América del Sur: ¿los pobres son peligrosos?," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 6(10), pages 159-181, January-J.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    defense; justice; security; expenditure; efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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