IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ijr/journl/v3y2015i11p550-560.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Socio-Economic Determinants of Crimes: A Cross-Sectional Study of Punjab Districts

Author

Listed:
  • Ayesha Haider

    (National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.)

  • Amjad Ali

    (National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.)

Abstract

Purpose: This study examines some socio-economic determinants of crimes in all districts of Punjab, Pakistan for the period2010-2011. The selected socio-economic explanatory variables are population density, education, unemployment, industrialization and remittances and dependent variable is reported crimes. Methodology: Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method is used for empirical analysis as the data set and all variables fulfill the assumptions of simple OLS. Findings: The results show that population density and unemployment have positive and significant impact on crimes. Level of education and amount of remittances are inversely related to crimes in all districts of Punjab. The results indicate that the most dense and populated areas provide more chances for criminals to commit crimes. Recommendations: So for reducing crimes in Punjab province the government should improve the socio-economic structure in Punjab, Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayesha Haider & Amjad Ali, 2015. "Socio-Economic Determinants of Crimes: A Cross-Sectional Study of Punjab Districts," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(11), pages 550-560, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijr:journl:v:3:y:2015:i:11:p:550-560
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://tesdo.org/shared/upload/pdf/papers/IJEER,%203_11_,%20550-560%20.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://tesdo.org/journal_detail.php?paper_id=217&expand_year=2015
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Paolo Buonanno & Leone Leonida, 2006. "Education and crime: evidence from Italian regions," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(11), pages 709-713.
    2. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Stephen Machin & Olivier Marie & Sunčica Vujić, 2011. "The Crime Reducing Effect of Education," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(552), pages 463-484, May.
    4. Giulio Fella & Giovanni Gallipoli, 2014. "Education and Crime over the Life Cycle," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 81(4), pages 1484-1517.
    5. Gaviria, Alejandro, 2000. "Increasing returns and the evolution of violent crime: the case of Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 1-25, February.
    6. Hafiz Hanzla Jalil & Muhammad Mazhar Iqbal, 2010. "Urbanisation and Crime: A Case Study of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 49(4), pages 741-755.
    7. Brito, Steve & Corbacho, Ana & Osorio Rivas, Rene, 2014. "Remittances and the Impact on Crime in Mexico," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6482, Inter-American Development Bank.
    8. Dutta, Mousumi & Husain, Zakir, 2009. "Determinants of crime rates: Crime Deterrence and Growth in post-liberalized India," MPRA Paper 14478, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Entorf, Horst & Spengler, Hannes, 2000. "Socioeconomic and demographic factors of crime in Germany: Evidence from panel data of the German states," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 75-106, March.
    10. Nicolas Garcette, 2004. "Property Crime as A Redistributive Tool: The Case of Argentina," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 197, Econometric Society.
    11. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "Inequality and Violent Crime," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 45(1), pages 1-40, April.
    12. Steve Brito & Ana Corbacho & Rene Osorio Rivas, 2014. "Remittances and the Impact on Crime in Mexico," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 85093, Inter-American Development Bank.
    13. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-565, May-June.
    14. Syed Yasir Mahmood Gillani & Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Abid Rashid Gill, 2011. "Unemployment and Property Crimes in Pakistan," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 1(3), pages 124-133, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Fiaz Ahmad Sulehri & Muhammad Zahid Naeem, 2018. "The Role of Commercial Banks in Determining the Industrial Productivity in Pakistan:A Time Series Analysis," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(4), pages 185-196, December.
    2. Muhammad Qasim & Zahid Pervaiz & A. R. Chaudhary, 2018. "Status of Human Development in Punjab (Pakistan)," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(4), pages 138-155, December.
    3. Adeela Hussain & Muhammad Irfan Chani, 2018. "Remittances, Foreign Debt and Economic Growth: A Cross Country Analysis," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(2), pages 59-71, June.
    4. Kassem, Mohamad & Ali, Amjad & Audi, Marc, 2019. "Unemployment Rate, Population Density and Crime Rate in Punjab (Pakistan): An Empirical Analysis," MPRA Paper 95964, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Rabia Liaqat & Hafiz Muhammad Abubakar Siddique & Iram Shehzadi, 2018. "Institutions and Economic Growth Nexus: A Cross Country Analysis," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(2), pages 72-80, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crimes; Unemployment; Industrialization; Remittances;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ijr:journl:v:3:y:2015:i:11:p:550-560. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz (PhD Applied Economics)). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/tesdopk.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.