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M. Tout-le-monde est "post-welfariste". Opinions sur la justice redistributive


  • Erik Schokkaert


[fre] M. Tout-le-monde est « post-welfariste ». Opinions sur la justice redistributive. . On synthétise quelques résultats empiriques qui montrent que les opinions populaires à propos de la recherche redistributive sont fortement opposées aux hypothèses de l'économie du bien-être traditionnelle. On se concentre sur les résultats relatifs au « welfarisme » et au principe des transferts de Pigou-Dalton et l'on montre que les récents développements en théorie du choix social sont bien plus en accord avec les résultats empiriques. Une meilleure compréhension de la complémentarité entre l'approche théorique et l'approche empirique pourrait dé­boucher sur un débat fécond et une prise de conscience des biais existant dans l'analyse économique. [eng] Mr. Fairmind is post-welfarist: opinions on distributive justice. . I survey the results of empirical research, showing that the opinions about distributive justice of the population at large are in sharp conflict with the assumptions of traditional welfare economics. I focus on the results concerning welfarism and concerning the Pigou-Dalton transfer principle. At the same time, I show that recent developments in social choice theory are much more in line with the empirical findings. This suggests that a better understanding of the complementarity between empirical and theoretical work might lead to a richer debate and to a greater awareness of the possible biases in the economic approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Erik Schokkaert, 1999. "M. Tout-le-monde est "post-welfariste". Opinions sur la justice redistributive," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(4), pages 811-831.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1999_num_50_4_410119
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1999.410119

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Guillaumont, Patrick & Jeanneney, Sylviane Guillaumont & Brun, Jean-Francois, 1999. "How Instability Lowers African Growth," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 8(1), pages 87-107, March.
    2. Sekkat, Khalid & Varoudakis, Aristomene, 2000. "Exchange rate management and manufactured exports in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 237-253, February.
    3. Berthelemy, Jean-Claude & Varoudakis, Aristomene, 1996. "Economic Growth, Convergence Clubs, and the Role of Financial Development," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(2), pages 300-328, April.
    4. Dhaneshwar Ghura & Michael T. Hadjimichael, 1996. "Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(3), pages 605-634, September.
    5. Sachs, Jeffrey D & Warner, Andrew M, 1997. "Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(3), pages 335-376, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Frondel, Manuel & Kutzschbauch, Ole & Sommer, Stephan & Traub, Stefan, 2017. "Die Gerechtigkeitslücke in der Verteilung der Kosten der Energiewende auf die privaten Haushalte," RWI Materialien 113, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    2. Philippe Mongin, 2006. "Value Judgments and Value Neutrality in Economics," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 73(290), pages 257-286, May.
    3. Marc Fleurbaey & Cyrille Hagneré & Michel Martinez & Alain Trannoy, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 1-23.
    4. Kristof Bosmans & Erik Schokkaert, 2009. "Equality preference in the claims problem: a questionnaire study of cuts in earnings and pensions," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 33(4), pages 533-557, November.
    5. Lars Schwettmann, 2012. "Competing allocation principles: time for compromise?," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 73(3), pages 357-380, September.
    6. Lars Schwettmann, 2012. "Marc Fleurbaey: fairness, responsibility, and welfare," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 38(1), pages 181-185, January.
    7. Paul Anand & Laurence Roope, 2016. "The development and happiness of very young children," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 47(4), pages 825-851, December.
    8. Benoît Tarroux, 2012. "Appraising two-Dimensional Inequality: A Questionnaire-Experimental Approach," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201216, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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