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M. Tout-le-monde est "post-welfariste". Opinions sur la justice redistributive

Listed author(s):
  • Erik Schokkaert

[fre] M. Tout-le-monde est « post-welfariste ». Opinions sur la justice redistributive On synthétise quelques résultats empiriques qui montrent que les opinions populaires à propos de la recherche redistributive sont fortement opposées aux hypothèses de l'économie du bien-être traditionnelle. On se concentre sur les résultats relatifs au « welfarisme » et au principe des transferts de Pigou-Dalton et l'on montre que les récents développements en théorie du choix social sont bien plus en accord avec les résultats empiriques. Une meilleure compréhension de la complémentarité entre l'approche théorique et l'approche empirique pourrait dé­boucher sur un débat fécond et une prise de conscience des biais existant dans l'analyse économique. [eng] Mr. Fairmind is post-welfarist: opinions on distributive justice I survey the results of empirical research, showing that the opinions about distributive justice of the population at large are in sharp conflict with the assumptions of traditional welfare economics. I focus on the results concerning welfarism and concerning the Pigou-Dalton transfer principle. At the same time, I show that recent developments in social choice theory are much more in line with the empirical findings. This suggests that a better understanding of the complementarity between empirical and theoretical work might lead to a richer debate and to a greater awareness of the possible biases in the economic approach.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 50 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 811-831

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1999_num_50_4_410119
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1999.410119
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