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L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?

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Abstract

Nous estimons 6 modèles où interviennent d’une manière tantôt substituable tantôt complémentaire trois facteurs de non-emploi : la faiblesse des incitations financières, une productivité inférieure au coût du Smic et des dysfonctionnements du marché du travail. L’étude du comportement de participation s’appuie sur un modèle de microsimulation basé sur l’enquête Revenus Fiscaux 1998, tandis que l’estimation de la censure au SMIC utilise les données des enquêtes Emploi 1997 et 1998. Les modèles, estimés sur les isolés, qui s’ajustent le mieux aux données sont ceux qui posent une complémentarité entre la censure au SMIC et la participation. Une augmentation de 10% du revenu disponible de la Smicarde sous forme de transferts se traduirait par un gain de probabilité d’emploi de 10%.

Suggested Citation

  • Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard & Alain Trannoy & Karine Van der Straeten, 2003. "L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?," IDEP Working Papers 0311, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France.
  • Handle: RePEc:iep:wpidep:0311
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    Cited by:

    1. Gurgand, Marc & Margolis, David N., 2008. "Does work pay in France? Monetary incentives, hours constraints, and the guaranteed minimum income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(7), pages 1669-1697, July.
    2. Elena G. F. Stancanelli & Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Un bilan des études sur la Prime pour l'emploi," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 88(1), pages 17-41.
    3. Damien Échevin, 2003. "L'individualisation de l'impôt sur le revenu : équitable ou pas ?," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 149-165.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Non-emploi; Incitations Financi res; Censure au SMIC;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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