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L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?

Nous estimons 6 modèles où interviennent d’une manière tantôt substituable tantôt complémentaire trois facteurs de non-emploi : la faiblesse des incitations financières, une productivité inférieure au coût du Smic et des dysfonctionnements du marché du travail. L’étude du comportement de participation s’appuie sur un modèle de microsimulation basé sur l’enquête Revenus Fiscaux 1998, tandis que l’estimation de la censure au SMIC utilise les données des enquêtes Emploi 1997 et 1998. Les modèles, estimés sur les isolés, qui s’ajustent le mieux aux données sont ceux qui posent une complémentarité entre la censure au SMIC et la participation. Une augmentation de 10% du revenu disponible de la Smicarde sous forme de transferts se traduirait par un gain de probabilité d’emploi de 10%.

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Paper provided by Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France in its series IDEP Working Papers with number 0311.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iep:wpidep:0311
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  1. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-21, May.
  2. Blundell, Richard & Macurdy, Thomas, 1999. "Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1559-1695 Elsevier.
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  8. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  9. N. Gravel & C. Hagneré & N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "Minima sociaux et offre de travail : Evaluation d'une réforme à l'aide d'un modèle de microsimulation dynamique," THEMA Working Papers 2000-52, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  10. Alain Trannoy & Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
  11. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2002. "Temps partiel féminin et incitations financières à l'emploi," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(6), pages 1127-1147.
  12. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
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