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L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?

Author

Listed:
  • Cyrille Hagneré

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - UCP - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Nathalie Picard

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - UCP - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Alain Trannoy

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - UCP - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Karine Van Der Straeten

    (PSE - La plante et son environnement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INA P-G - Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon - UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11 - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

Abstract

Are financial incentives to get a job over-estimated? Six econometrics models are estimated, that combine with various levels of substitutability three possible explanatory factors for unemployment: disincentives to find a job due to high inactivity benefits and low wages, minimum wage regulation, labor market shortcomings. The investigation of the participation behaviour relies on the survey "Revenus Fiscaux" (year 1998), whereas the impact of the minimum wage legislation is estimated thanks to the data in "Enquête Emploi" (years 1997 and 1998). The study conducted on one-adult households shows that the best fit is obtained by models in which a strict complementarity between minimum wage censorship and participation is assumed. There is a significant income effect and leisure is a normal good. An increase by 10% through transfers of the revenue of a female worker earning the minimum wage would induce an increase by roughly 10% of her probability to be employed.

Suggested Citation

  • Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard & Alain Trannoy & Karine Van Der Straeten, 2003. "L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?," Working Papers hal-00242960, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242960
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00242960
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanie, 2002. "Labour market institutions and employment in France," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 25-48.
    2. Guy Laroque, 2005. "Income Maintenance and Labor Force Participation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 341-376, March.
    3. Blundell, Richard & Macurdy, Thomas, 1999. "Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1559-1695 Elsevier.
    4. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
    5. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
    6. Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard & Alain Trannoy, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
    7. Marc Gurgand & David Margolis, 2001. "RMI et revenus du travail : une évaluation des gains financiers à l'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 103-122.
    8. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2002. "Temps partiel féminin et incitations financières à l'emploi," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(6), pages 1127-1147.
    9. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-121, May.
    10. Marc Fleurbaey & Cyrille Hagneré & Michel Martinez & Alain Trannoy, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 1-23.
    11. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
    12. N. Gravel & C. Hagneré & N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "Minima sociaux et offre de travail : Evaluation d'une réforme à l'aide d'un modèle de microsimulation dynamique," THEMA Working Papers 2000-52, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gurgand, Marc & Margolis, David N., 2008. "Does work pay in France? Monetary incentives, hours constraints, and the guaranteed minimum income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(7), pages 1669-1697, July.
    2. Elena G. F. Stancanelli & Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Un bilan des études sur la Prime pour l'emploi," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 88(1), pages 17-41.
    3. Damien Échevin, 2003. "L'individualisation de l'impôt sur le revenu : équitable ou pas ?," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 149-165.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Non-emploi; Estimation économétrique; SMIC; Incitations financières; Unemployment; Econometric estimation; Minimum wage; Financial incentives;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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