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L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?

  • Cyrille Hagneré

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS)

  • Nathalie Picard

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS)

  • Alain Trannoy

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS)

  • Karine Van Der Straeten

    (PSE - La plante et son environnement - CNRS - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) - UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11 - Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon)

Are financial incentives to get a job over-estimated? Six econometrics models are estimated, that combine with various levels of substitutability three possible explanatory factors for unemployment: disincentives to find a job due to high inactivity benefits and low wages, minimum wage regulation, labor market shortcomings. The investigation of the participation behaviour relies on the survey "Revenus Fiscaux" (year 1998), whereas the impact of the minimum wage legislation is estimated thanks to the data in "Enquête Emploi" (years 1997 and 1998). The study conducted on one-adult households shows that the best fit is obtained by models in which a strict complementarity between minimum wage censorship and participation is assumed. There is a significant income effect and leisure is a normal good. An increase by 10% through transfers of the revenue of a female worker earning the minimum wage would induce an increase by roughly 10% of her probability to be employed.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242960
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  1. M. Fleurbaey & C. Hagneré & M. Martinez & A. Trannoy, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," THEMA Working Papers 99-44, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  2. Richard Blundell & Thomas MaCurdy, 1998. "Labour supply: a review of alternative approaches," IFS Working Papers W98/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2002. "Temps partiel féminin et incitations financières à l'emploi," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(6), pages 1127-1147.
  4. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  5. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
  6. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-21, May.
  7. N. Gravel & C. Hagneré & N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "Minima sociaux et offre de travail : Evaluation d'une réforme à l'aide d'un modèle de microsimulation dynamique," THEMA Working Papers 2000-52, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  8. Marc Gurgand & David Margolis, 2001. "RMI et revenus de travail : une évaluation des gains financier à l'emploi," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00353839, HAL.
  9. Guy Laroque, 2005. "Income Maintenance and Labor Force Participation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 341-376, 03.
  10. Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard & Alain Trannoy, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
  11. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanie, 2002. "Labour market institutions and employment in France," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 25-48.
  12. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
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