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La revalorisation du RMI

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  • Yannick L'Horty
  • Antoine Parent

Abstract

[eng] Rmi revaluation. . The french minimum income (RMI) remains stable in real terme since its creation in 1988, but was depreciated in relation to law wages and particularly to minimum wage (the Smic). This evolution seems to justify the revaluation according to relative poverty approach. But as Rmi is a differential allocation completed by a temporary incentive mechanism, a revaluation could lead to emphasize the poverty trap problem. We discuss the effectiveness of poverty trap in the french case in a context of massive unemployment and part time jobs increase. [fre] La revalorisation du RMI. . Depuis la création du RMI, fin 1988, son pouvoir d'achat est resté stable mais il a été dévalorisé en termes relatifs vis-à-vis de celui des bas salaires et particulièrement du SMIC. Cette évolution paraît justifier une revalorisation du RMI si l'on se réfère à une lecture relative de la pauvreté. Mais le principe de la revalorisation du RMI, qui est une allocation différentielle complétée d'un mécanisme d'intéressement limité dans le temps, peut se heurter à un problème d'incitation connu sous le nom de trappe. On discute l'argument dans le cas français. En confrontant la théorie à la réalité du dispositif, on met en balance l'étendue du problème de trappe à RMI dans un contexte de chômage de masse et de développement accéléré du travail à temps partiel, les coûts associés à sa résolution, et certaines vertus de la revalorisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Yannick L'Horty & Antoine Parent, 1999. "La revalorisation du RMI," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(3), pages 465-478.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1999_num_50_3_410090
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthieu Chemin & Etienne Wasmer, 2012. "Ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of the 1989 French welfare reform using a natural experiment : the 1908 social laws in Alsace-Moselle," Sciences Po publications 3, Sciences Po.
    2. Marc Fleurbaey & Cyrille Hagneré & Michel Martinez & Alain Trannoy, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 1-23.
    3. Matthieu Chemin & Etienne Wasmer, 2009. "Regional Difference-in-Differences in France Using the German Annexation of Alsace-Moselle in 1870-1918," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2008, pages 285-305, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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