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L'Organisation commune de marché dans l'Union européenne : impact de la taille du contingent tarifaire appliqué aux bananes dollar et non traditionnelles ACP

Listed author(s):
  • Hervé Guyomard
  • Nadine Herrard
  • Catherine Laroche
  • Chantai Le Mouël

[fre] L'Organisation commune de marché de la banane dans l'Union européenne : impact de la taille du contingent tarifaire appliqué aux bananes dollar et non traditionnelles ACP par Hervé Guyomard, Nadine Herrard, Catherine Laroche et Chantai Le Mouël Le 1er Juillet 1993, l'Union européenne (UE) a finalement instauré un marché commun de la banane. L'Organisation commune de marché (OCM) mise en place remplace un ensemble de politiques nationales complexes et hétérogènes, incompatibles avec le Marché Unique. La nouvelle réglementation repose essentiellement sur i) la fixation d'un contingent tarifaire dans l'UE pour les bananes d'Amérique latine et non traditionnelles ACP (Afrique, Caraïbes et Pacifique), et ii) le concept de partenariat entre le commerce de bananes communautaires et traditionnelles ACP d'une part, et le commerce de bananes d'Amérique latine d'autre part. L'objet de cet article est double. Il s'agit en premier lieu de proposer un cadre simplifié d'analyse du fonctionnement du marché mondial de la banane en régime d'OCM dans l'UE. Il s'agit en second lieu d'analyser la sensibilité des équilibres de marché à la taille du contingent tarifaire imposé par l'UE aux bananes d'Amérique latine et non traditionnelles ACP sur la base de simulations réalisées à l'aide d'un modèle d'équilibre partiel du marché mondial de la banane. [eng] The Common Organisation of the Banana Market in the European Union: Impact of the Size of the Tariff Quota Applied to Dollar and Non-Traditional ACP Bananas by Hervé Guyomard, Nadine Herrard, Catherine Laroche and Chantai Le Mouël On 1 July 1993, the European Union (EU) finally set up a common banana market. The new common organisation of the market (COM) replaces a host of complex and heterogeneous national policies, which were incompatible with the single market. The new regulations focus essentially on i) setting a tariff quota in the EU for Latin American and non-traditional ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific countries) bananas and ii) the concepts of partnership between trade in community and traditional ACP bananas on one side and trade in Latin American bananas on the other side. The purpose of this article is twofold. Firstly, it proposes a simplified framework for analysing the way in which the international banana market functions in a COM set-up in the EU. Secondly, it analyses the sensitivity of market equilibria to the size of the EU tariff quota on Latin American and non-traditional ACP bananas based on simulations made using an international banana market partial equilibrium model.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 127 (1997)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 15-32

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_127_1_5834
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1997.5834
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Robert Read, "undated". "The ECInternal Banana Market: The Issues and the Dilemma Forthcoming in World Economy (1994)," Working Papers ec16/93, Department of Economics, University of Lancaster.
  2. Borrell, Brent & Maw-Cheng Yang, 1992. "EC Bananarama 1992 : the sequel - the EC Commission proposal," Policy Research Working Paper Series 958, The World Bank.
  3. Borrell, Brent, 1994. "EU Bananarama III," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1386, The World Bank.
  4. Jean-Louis Rastoin & Denis Loeillet, 1996. "Le marché mondial de la banane : entre globalisation et fragmentation," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 234(1), pages 46-53.
  5. David G. Raboy & Teri L. Simpson & Bing Xu, 1995. "A Transition Proposal for Lomé Convention Trade Preferences: The Case of the EU Banana Regime," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 565-581, 07.
  6. Kersten, Lutz, 1995. "Impacts of the EU Banana Market Regulation on International Competition, Trade and Welfare," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 22(3), pages 321-335.
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