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Could Inward FDI Offset the Substitution Effect of Outward FDI on Domestic Investment? Evidence from Malaysia

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  • Soo Khoon Goh
  • Koi Nyen Wong

Abstract

It is well documented in the literature that Malaysia has become an emerging source of outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) in the region. The drastic increase in its OFDI has raised concerns as to whether the outbound direct investment activities from the country would detract from domestic investment activities, which have been sluggish since the aftermath of the Asian Currency Crisis. Using the autoregressive distrusted lag (ARDL) modelling approach to cointegration, the findings show that there is a long-run equilibrium relationship involving the four variables, i.e. between domestic investment and its determinants such as FDI outfl ows, FDI infl ows and domestic savings. Moreover, this study reveals that the effect on domestic investment by FDI outfl ows is substitutional and inelastic, while that by FDI infl ows is complementary and elastic, implying that the latter can overcome the substitution effect caused by the former if the Malaysian government could formulate pragmatic policies in attracting FDI inflows.

Suggested Citation

  • Soo Khoon Goh & Koi Nyen Wong, 2014. "Could Inward FDI Offset the Substitution Effect of Outward FDI on Domestic Investment? Evidence from Malaysia," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2014(4), pages 413-425.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2014:y:2014:i:4:id:491:p:413-425
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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, George S. & Yao, Yao & Malizard, Julien, 2017. "Does foreign direct investment crowd in or crowd out private domestic investment in China? The effect of entry mode," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 409-419.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    outward FDI; multinationals; Malaysia; inward FDI; domestic investment;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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