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Outward FDI of Malaysia: An Empirical Examination from Macroeconomic Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Chin-Hong Puah

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak)

  • Albert Apoi

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak)

  • Jerome Swee-Hui Kueh

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak)

Abstract

Outward FDI of Malaysia was nearly non-existent prior to 1970s. Nonetheless, recently Malaysia has not only been able to sustain FDI inflows position, but also emerged as the fifth largest investor among the developing economies in Asia region (UNTACD, 2005). This study aims to investigate the selected macroeconomic determinants of outward FDI of Malaysia, namely income, exchange rate and openness. The Johansen and Juselius cointegration test and the vector error correction model are applied in this study to analyze the quarterly data from 1991:Q1 to 2004:Q4. The findings verified that the outward FDI of Malaysia is determined by income, exchange rate and openness of the economy in both the short- and long-run.

Suggested Citation

  • Chin-Hong Puah & Albert Apoi & Jerome Swee-Hui Kueh, 2008. "Outward FDI of Malaysia: An Empirical Examination from Macroeconomic Perspective," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(28), pages 1-11.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-07f20037
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alexander Bulatov, 2001. "Russian Direct Investment Abroad: History, Motives, Finance, Control and Planning," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 179-194, October.
    2. Lall, Sanjaya, 1980. "Monopolistic Advantages and Foreign Involvement by U.S. Manufacturing Industry," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(1), pages 102-122, March.
    3. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    4. Marcella Mulino, 2002. "On the determinants of capital flight from Russia," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 30(2), pages 148-169, June.
    5. Granger, C. W. J., 1988. "Some recent development in a concept of causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 199-211.
    6. John H Dunning, 1980. "Towards an Eclectic Theory of International Production: Some Empirical Tests," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 11(1), pages 9-31, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kueh, Jerome Swee-Hui & Puah, Chin Hong & Liew, Venus Khim-Sen, 2010. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Direct Investment Abroad of Singapore," MPRA Paper 47243, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
    2. Soo Khoon Goh & Koi Nyen Wong, 2014. "Could Inward FDI Offset the Substitution Effect of Outward FDI on Domestic Investment? Evidence from Malaysia," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2014(4), pages 413-425.
    3. repec:bla:sajeco:v:85:y:2017:i:3:p:430-454 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Goh, Soo Khoon & Wong, Koi Nyen & Tham, Siew Yean, 2013. "Trade linkages of inward and outward FDI: Evidence from Malaysia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 224-230.
    5. Goh, Soo Khoon & Wong, Koi Nyen & Tham, Siew Yean, 2012. "Does Outward FDI Matter in International Trade? Evidence from Malaysia," MPRA Paper 39715, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Liew, Siew-Ling, 2016. "Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment," MPRA Paper 70447, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Liew, Siew-Ling, 2016. "Review on Determinants of Capital Flight," MPRA Paper 70445, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Goh, Soo Khoon & Wong, Koi Nyen, 2011. "Malaysia's outward FDI: The effects of market size and government policy," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 497-510, May.
    9. Mustafa Çakir & Alain Kabundi, 2017. "Transmission of China's Shocks to the BRIS Countries," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 85(3), pages 430-454, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables

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