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BRICS: Exchange Rate policy in Context of Internal and External Equilibrium


  • Jaroslava Durčáková
  • Ondřej Šíma


The article deals with the exchange rate policy of Brazil in period 1999 - 2012. The first part informs about the global development of the system of exchange rates and shows marked differences after 2008. This global course is supported in the case of Brazil. Next part is concentrated mostly on the interaction between exchange rate policy and internal and external equilibrium. Brazilian balance of payments seems to be suitable concept to catch these events, including often mentioned impacts of the so called unconventional monetary policy on emerging markets. Besides these effects the Brazilian economy was influenced by long-term changes in the global economy. Rising prices of Brazilian exported commodities belonged to the most important one. These prices influenced the exchange rate of the real. In authors´ point of view the recent development of Brazilian economy indicates the presence of the so called Dutch disease. The disease is closely connected to excessive (real) overvaluation of the currency and increasing volatility of terms of trade. To confirm this idea of the Dutch disease it is necessary to monitor forthcoming years very carefully.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaroslava Durčáková & Ondřej Šíma, 2013. "BRICS: Exchange Rate policy in Context of Internal and External Equilibrium," Český finanční a účetní časopis, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2013(4), pages 7-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlcfu:v:2013:y:2013:i:4:id:348:p:7-29

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barroso, João Barata R.B. & da Silva, Luiz A. Pereira & Sales, Adriana Soares, 2016. "Quantitative easing and related capital flows into Brazil: Measuring its effects and transmission channels through a rigorous counterfactual evaluation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 102-122.
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    More about this item


    Balance of payments; Platební bilance; Exchange rate policy; Kurzová politika; Brazil; Brazílie;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange


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