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Long‐Run Determinants Of The Brazilian Real: A Closer Look At Commodities

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  • Emanuel Kohlscheen

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ABSTRACT We use cointegration analysis to show that the long‐run behaviour of the Brazilian Real effective exchange rate between January 1999 and September 2012 can largely be explained by the price variation of a basket of five commodities—that accounted for 51% of Brazilian export revenues in 2011. We estimate that a 10% variation in the real price of these five commodities moves the fundamental long‐run real exchange rate by almost 5%. Changes in interest rate differentials do not explain short or long term movements in the exchange rate during this period. Furthermore, we find that deviations of the real effective exchange rate from the long run equilibrium level have an estimated half‐life of approximately 8 months. The growing exports of oil and fuel and of iron ores, as well as the important oil discoveries in the pre‐salt layer, suggest that commodity prices will continue to influence the value of the Real in the future. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Emanuel Kohlscheen, 2014. "Long‐Run Determinants Of The Brazilian Real: A Closer Look At Commodities," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(4), pages 239-250, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:ijfiec:v:19:y:2014:i:4:p:239-250
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    1. Jaroslava Durčáková & Ondřej Šíma, 2013. "BRICS: Exchange Rate policy in Context of Internal and External Equilibrium [BRICS: Kurzová politika Brazílie v kontextu vnitřní a vnější rovnováhy]," Český finanční a účetní časopis, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2013(4), pages 7-29.
    2. Emanuel Kohlscheen & Fernando Avalos & Andreas Schrimpf, 2017. "When the Walk Is Not Random: Commodity Prices and Exchange Rates," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 121-158, June.
    3. Gaglianone, Wagner Piazza & Marins, Jaqueline Terra Moura, 2017. "Evaluation of exchange rate point and density forecasts: An application to Brazil," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 707-728.
    4. Machado, Vicente da Gama & Portugal, Marcelo Savino, 2014. "Measuring inflation persistence in Brazil using a multivariate model," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, EPGE Brazilian School of Economics and Finance - FGV EPGE (Brazil), vol. 68(2), June.
    5. Wagner Piazza Gaglianone & Jaqueline Terra Moura Marins, 2014. "Risk Assessment of the Brazilian FX Rate," Working Papers Series 344, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    6. Nikolaos Giannellis & Minoas Koukouritakis, 2018. "Currency Misalignments in the BRIICS Countries: Fixed Vs. Floating Exchange Rates," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 29(5), pages 1123-1151, November.
    7. Kohlscheen, Emanuel & Andrade, Sandro C., 2014. "Official FX interventions through derivatives," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 202-216.
    8. Gomes, Luiz, 2020. "Brazil’s economic growth strategy: the last two decades (1999-2019)," MPRA Paper 104874, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Philip Turner, 2016. "Macroprudential policies, the long-term interest rate and the exchange rate," BIS Working Papers 588, Bank for International Settlements.
    10. José Valentim Machado Vicente & Jaqueline Terra Moura Marins & Wagner Piazza Gaglianone, 2021. "Impacts of the Monetary Policy Committee Decisions on the Foreign Exchange Rate in Brazil," Working Papers Series 552, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.

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