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Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

Author

Listed:
  • Krisztina Kis-Katos

    () (University of Göttingen
    IZA Institute of Labor Economics)

  • Janneke Pieters

    (Wageningen University
    IZA Institute of Labor Economics)

  • Robert Sparrow

    (Wageningen University
    Erasmus University Rotterdam
    Australian National University
    IZA Institute of Labor Economics)

Abstract

Abstract We analyze the gender-specific effects of trade liberalization on participation in market work, domestic duties, and marriage rates in Indonesia. We show that female work participation increased and participation in domestic duties declined in regions that were more exposed to input tariff reductions. The effects of output tariff reductions were much less pronounced, and we find little impacts on men. Among the potential channels, we find that reductions in input tariffs led to a relative expansion of more female-intensive sectors as well as a decrease in sectoral gender segregation, especially among the low skilled. Liberalization also led to delayed marriage among both sexes and reduced fertility among less educated women.

Suggested Citation

  • Krisztina Kis-Katos & Janneke Pieters & Robert Sparrow, 2018. "Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 66(4), pages 763-793, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:66:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1057_s41308-018-0065-5
    DOI: 10.1057/s41308-018-0065-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stephan Klasen, "undated". "From 'MeToo' to Boko Haram: A survey of levels and trends of gender inequality in the world," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 263, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    2. Keller, Wolfgang & Utar, Hale, 2018. "Globalization, Gender, and the Family," CEPR Discussion Papers 13317, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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