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Kisebb szelekció - nagyobb kereset. Az 1999-es lengyel oktatási reform hatásának vizsgálata
[Narrower selection, wider demand. Examining the effects of the 1999 Polish education reform]

Author

Listed:
  • Horn, Dániel
  • Drucker, Luca Flóra

Abstract

Az 1999-es lengyel közoktatási reform az eredetileg nyolc évig tartó alapoktatást kilenc évre hosszabbította meg, bevezetett egy központi alaptantervet, és megváltoztatta a vizsgák, a felvételik és az értékelések rendszerét is. Az eddigi mérések arra utalnak, hogy a reform hozzájárult az OECD PISA-tesztjein mért teljesítmények javulásához - különösen a rosszul teljesítő diákok eredményei lettek jobbak. A reform hosszú távú, munkaerőpiaci hatásáról azonban mind ez idáig nem készült kutatás. Ebben a tanulmányban ezt a hiányt igyekszünk pótolni. Különbség a különbségekben módszerrel összehasonlítjuk a reform előtti és utáni kohorszok munkaerőpiaci jellemzőit, és arra a megállapításra jutunk, hogy a reformnak nem elhanyagolható, pozitív hatása volt a munkaerőpiaci esélyekre és a bérekre: 2-3 százalékkal növelte a foglalkoztatottá válás valószínűségét és körülbelül 3 százalékkal a béreket. A reform átlagos hatása a legalacsonyabb végzettségű munkavállalók megnövekedett eredményeinek tulajdonítható. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: I21, I24, I26, J24.

Suggested Citation

  • Horn, Dániel & Drucker, Luca Flóra, 2016. "Kisebb szelekció - nagyobb kereset. Az 1999-es lengyel oktatási reform hatásának vizsgálata [Narrower selection, wider demand. Examining the effects of the 1999 Polish education reform]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 944-965.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1650
    DOI: 10.18414/KSZ.2016.9.944
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maciej Jakubowski, 2008. "Implementing Value-Added Models of School Assessment," RSCAS Working Papers 2008/06, European University Institute.
    2. Costas Meghir & Mårten Palme, 2005. "Educational Reform, Ability, and Family Background," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 414-424, March.
    3. Pekkarinen, Tuomas & Uusitalo, Roope & Kerr, Sari, 2009. "School tracking and intergenerational income mobility: Evidence from the Finnish comprehensive school reform," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(7-8), pages 965-973, August.
    4. Maciej Jakubowski & Harry Anthony Patrinos & Emilio Ernesto Porta & Jerzy Wiśniewski, 2016. "The effects of delaying tracking in secondary school: evidence from the 1999 education reform in Poland," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(6), pages 557-572, November.
    5. Maciej Jakubowski, 2015. "Opening up opportunities: education reforms in Poland," IBS Policy Papers 01/2015, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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