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A köz- és a magánszféra kereseti különbségei Magyarországon, 2002-2008. Javíthat-e hosszú távon a közalkalmazottak relatív helyzetén egy 50 százalékos béremelés?
[An assessment of Hungary s public/private income gap. Can a 50% increase in public-sector pay improve its employees position in the long run?]

  • Lovász, Anna

    ()

  • Altwicker-Hámori, Szilvia

    ()

Részletes leíró elemzést nyújtunk a 2002. évi 50 százalékos közalkalmazotti béremelés hosszú távú hatásairól. Az intézkedés célja a közszférában dolgozók - különösen a magasan képzettek - relatív helyzetének javítása volt: hogy vonzóbbá váljanak a közszféra állásai, valamint megoldódjanak a magasan képzettek versenyszférába vándorlásából fakadó problémák. A béremelés kereseti különbségekre gyakorolt hatásait olyan empirikus módszerekkel elemezzük, amelyek lehetővé teszik, hogy a teljes béreloszláson vizsgáljuk a különbségeket (kvantilisregressziók), és figyelembe vegyük a munkahelyi és a vállalati jellemzők eltéréseit (dekompozíció), valamint különféle lehetséges torzításokat. A becslések azt mutatják, hogy a kereseteloszlás felső részén továbbra is jelentős a magánszférában megszerezhető bértöbblet, különösen ha figyelembe vesszük a dolgozói és a vállalati tulajdonságokat is. A béremelés kezdetben felzárkóztatta a közszféra dolgozóinak relatív keresetét, ám hosszabb távon a keresetkülönbségek visszatértek az intézkedés előtti szint közelébe, és a szektorok kereseteloszlásainak különbségei változatlanok maradtak. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: C21, J31, J45.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LX (2013)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 500-522

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1385
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  1. Mirco Tonin, 2009. "Minimumwage and tax evasion: theory and evidence," MNB Working Papers 2009/2, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  2. Lucifora, Claudio & Meurs, Dominique, 2004. "The Public Sector Pay Gap in France, Great Britain and Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 1041, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  14. Mueller, Richard E., 1998. "Public-private sector wage differentials in Canada: evidence from quantile regressions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 229-235, August.
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