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A gazdasági átalakulás két szakasza és az emberi tőke átértékelődése. A bérszerkezet átalakulása Magyarországon 1986-1999 - III. rész
[The two stages of economic transformation and the re-evaluation of human capital. Development of the wage structure in Hungary 1986-1999, Part III]

Listed author(s):
  • Kertesi, Gábor
  • Köllő, János


A tanulmány a különböző iskolázottságú és életkorú munkaerőcsoportok piaci értékelésének és termelékenységének alakulását elemzi 1986 és 1999 között egyéni kereseti adatok, valamint (a nagyvállalatokra becsült) termelési függvények segítségével. A béradatok az iskolázottság hozamának általános, minden korosztályra kiterjedő emelkedését - másként: a képzetlen munkaerő bérének csökkenését - mutatták 1989 és 1992 között. A transzformációs visszaesés után azonban, a piaci intézmények megszilárdulásával, az új technológiák megjelenésével az iskolázottság általános felértékelődése megállt. Csak a fiatal és képzett munkaerő bére és relatív termelékenysége növekedett - eleinte a modern technológiával dolgozó külföldi vállalatokban, majd a belföldi tulajdonú cégekben is -, a régebben megszerzett iskolázottság és a tapasztalat termelékenységi és bérhozama 1992 után már nem nőtt. A tudás felértékelődése a technológiai megújulás időszakában a fiatalabb korosztályokra korlátozódott.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): XLVIII (2001)
Issue (Month): 11 ()
Pages: 897-919

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:426
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Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Jiri Vecerník, 1995. "Changing earnings distribution in the Czech republic: survey evidence from 1988-1994," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 3(3), pages 355-371, 09.
  2. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  3. Eli Bekman & John Bound & Stephen Machin, 1998. "Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1245-1279.
  4. Wolfgang Franz & Viktor Steiner, 2000. "Wages in the East German Transition Process: Facts and Explanations," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 1(3), pages 241-269, 08.
  5. Jan Rutkowski, 1996. "High skills pay off: the changing wage structure during economic transition in Poland," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 4(1), pages 89-112, 05.
  6. Steiner, Viktor & Wagner, Kersten, 1997. "East West German wage convergence - How far have we got?," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-25, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Varga, Júlia, 1995. "Az oktatás megtérülési rátái Magyarországon
    [Cost returns on education in Hungary]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 583-605.
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